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[Qemu-block] [PATCH v4 2/3] block/backup: avoid copying less than full t

From: John Snow
Subject: [Qemu-block] [PATCH v4 2/3] block/backup: avoid copying less than full target clusters
Date: Thu, 25 Feb 2016 15:58:30 -0500

During incremental backups, if the target has a cluster size that is
larger than the backup cluster size and we are backing up to a target
that cannot (for whichever reason) pull clusters up from a backing image,
we may inadvertantly create unusable incremental backup images.

For example:

If the bitmap tracks changes at a 64KB granularity and we transmit 64KB
of data at a time but the target uses a 128KB cluster size, it is
possible that only half of a target cluster will be recognized as dirty
by the backup block job. When the cluster is allocated on the target
image but only half populated with data, we lose the ability to
distinguish between zero padding and uninitialized data.

This does not happen if the target image has a backing file that points
to the last known good backup.

Even if we have a backing file, though, it's likely going to be faster
to just buffer the redundant data ourselves from the live image than
fetching it from the backing file, so let's just always round up to the
target granularity.

The same logic applies to backup modes top, none, and full. Copying
fractional clusters without the guarantee of COW is dangerous, but even
if we can rely on COW, it's likely better to just re-copy the data.

Reported-by: Fam Zheng <address@hidden>
Signed-off-by: John Snow <address@hidden>
 block/backup.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/backup.c b/block/backup.c
index 76addef..0f1b1bc 100644
--- a/block/backup.c
+++ b/block/backup.c
@@ -501,6 +501,8 @@ void backup_start(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockDriverState 
                   BlockJobTxn *txn, Error **errp)
     int64_t len;
+    BlockDriverInfo bdi;
+    int ret;
@@ -570,15 +572,32 @@ void backup_start(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockDriverState 
         goto error;
-    bdrv_op_block_all(target, job->common.blocker);
     job->on_source_error = on_source_error;
     job->on_target_error = on_target_error;
     job->target = target;
     job->sync_mode = sync_mode;
     job->sync_bitmap = sync_mode == MIRROR_SYNC_MODE_INCREMENTAL ?
                        sync_bitmap : NULL;
-    job->cluster_size = BACKUP_CLUSTER_SIZE_DEFAULT;
+    /* If there is no backing file on the target, we cannot rely on COW if our
+     * backup cluster size is smaller than the target cluster size. Even for
+     * targets with a backing file, try to avoid COW if possible. */
+    ret = bdrv_get_info(job->target, &bdi);
+    if (ret < 0 && !target->backing) {
+        error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
+            "Couldn't determine the cluster size of the target image, "
+            "which has no backing file");
+        error_append_hint(errp,
+            "Aborting, since this may create an unusable destination image\n");
+        goto error;
+    } else if (ret < 0 && target->backing) {
+        /* Not fatal; just trudge on ahead. */
+        job->cluster_size = BACKUP_CLUSTER_SIZE_DEFAULT;
+    } else {
+        job->cluster_size = MAX(BACKUP_CLUSTER_SIZE_DEFAULT, bdi.cluster_size);
+    }
+    bdrv_op_block_all(target, job->common.blocker);
     job->common.len = len;
     job->common.co = qemu_coroutine_create(backup_run);
     block_job_txn_add_job(txn, &job->common);

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