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[Qemu-devel] Re: [Buildroot] diskimage HOWTO

From: Steve Calfee
Subject: [Qemu-devel] Re: [Buildroot] diskimage HOWTO
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2009 11:13:46 -0700 (PDT)

--- On Sun, 8/23/09, Bai Shuwei <address@hidden> wrote:

> From: Bai Shuwei <address@hidden>
> Subject: [Buildroot] diskimage HOWTO
> To: address@hidden, address@hidden
> Date: Sunday, August 23, 2009, 10:39 PM
> Hi, All:
>   I want to build a test enviroment with QEMU and
> buildroot. But I don't know how to build the diskimage
> which same as linux-0.2.img offered by BUILD-ROOT. I build
> the diskimage following the  
>    buildroot-2009.05/docs/README.diskimage,
> but failure. 
Hi Bai,

I tried following those instructions and failed too. It is very complicated. 
There are 4 things that must be correct and in sync, the kernel, busybox, 
uclibc (compiler and filesystem), and bootstrap. 

Yesterday I did get things to run with qemu. I intend to update the docs when I 
can systematically get everything to work. For one thing on Ubuntu Jaunty I 
have not figured out how to get kqemu to install or work.... I have not 
mastered emulated ethernet either.

Anyway I built buildroot from a fairly recent git version - I suspect any older 
release will work. I took the defaults in all the configurations, the built-in 
configs are missing lots of the new options. This is curious, you do a make, it 
starts menuconfig, it thinks awhile and then another of the 4 main things wants 
to be menuconfiged. Anyway, I selected plain old 386 as my cpu and built with 
all the built in minimal options. It built the first time (way to go Peter!).

Originally, either by default or I mistakenly selected it, I built a 
rootfs.i386.jffs2 file system (from the buildroot make menuconfig). This did 
not work because the kernel did not know how to boot from anything but an ext2 
or cramfs file system. There must be a kernel parameter to fix this, but I 
don't know what it is. So to get things going select an ext2 file system.

I discovered a gui interface for qemu, called "qemu launcher". Use that it 
simplifies things. You no longer have to build another disk image with your 
bootstrap and kernel inside with your root filesystem. No partitioning required 

IN the GUI:

I pointed hard disk 0 to 
"/home/calfee/buildroot/buildroot/binaries/uclibc/rootfs.i386.ext2" boot disk: 
"Hard disk 0".

Then on the linux boot tab I checked "boot linux kernel directly", removing the 
need to fiddle with grub.

I put in kernel image "/home/calfee/buildroot/buildroot/binaries/uclibc/bzImage"

Then on the kernel command line I put root=/dev/hda

At this point press the launch button, and linux will boot and ask for your 
login. By default your username is root, with no password. Now you are running 
your built system!

I would like to get the diskimage instructions to work, people like me want to 
test on a known platform (their development PC) before jumping directly to test 
hardware, it reduces the unknowns.

If you get qemu ethernet working, please post an email with instructions.

Regards, Steve


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