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[Qemu-devel] Re: kqemu and XP guest - lock-up at mup.sys

From: Jan Kiszka
Subject: [Qemu-devel] Re: kqemu and XP guest - lock-up at mup.sys
Date: Fri, 05 Feb 2010 17:58:21 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686 (x86_64); de; rv: Gecko/20080226 SUSE/ Thunderbird/ Mnenhy/

Gordan Bobic wrote:
> Jan Kiszka wrote:
>> Gordan Bobic wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> It would appear that kqemu somehow breaks the XP guest under some
>>> circumstances.
>>> If I install from scratch in qemu+kqemu, it works fine in kqemu, but not
>>> on bare metal. The fact it doesn't work on bare metal COULD be related
>>> to the fact that on bare metal I'm running off a USB stick (it's a
>>> rescue system).
>>> If I install onto bare metal (again, onto a USB stick - I have a
>>> modified installer that includes the USB disk drivers at setup stage)
>>> and then start up that install in qemu, that works as long as I don't
>>> apply kqemu. But if I modprobe kqemu and start with
>>> -enable-kqemu/-kernel-kqemu (-smp 1 in all cases), the quest instanty
>>> locks up at 100% CPU usage. Everything else about the qemu configuration
>>> is exactly the same between the runs. Booting the system with -no-acpi
>>> at this point causes it to reboot instead of just locking up.
>>> I tried with qemu 0.10.5 (RHEL5 from atrpms) and 0.11.1 (built from
>>> source). kqemu I use is dkms 1.4.0pre1 from the Dag repository.
>>> With kqemu, the guest stops booting (including safe mode) at mup.sys.
>>> Googling around for similar problems didn't reveal much of use (other
>>> than the usual Windows solution to everything of "reinstall", which
>>> isn't an option here because I need the same setup to work both on bare
>>> metal and in qemu). Is there a work-around/tweak to make this work? Is
>>> there any particular reason why kqemu would break things under these
>>> circumstances when running without kqemu works fine, if slower? Is there
>>> a difference in how the emulated hardware looks/behaves with and without
>>> kqemu?
>> Due to limitations of the x86 architecture, kqemu used to be far a way
>> from providing accurate virtualization.
> KVM is subject to the same limitations, though, so that point is a bit
> moot. The only reason why I'm using kqemu is because I still have legacy
> 32-bit hardware around that doesn't have VT extensions.

As Jamie already pointed out, your perception of KVM is not correct. But
the issue of legacy hardware exists, no question. Just the effort to
keep it working is beyond reasonable limits.

> Either way, I'm mainly interested in the details of the differences in
> the environment provided by qemu with and without kqemu, as clearly it
> is this difference that causes the problem in question.

The differences are various and subtle. If you want to understand them
(you do not, believe me), look at the code of kqemu or even debug it -
under KVM like we did. But, again, you do not want to do this...


Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, CT T DE IT 1
Corporate Competence Center Embedded Linux

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