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[Qemu-devel] [PATCH 40/58] PPC: Fix sync instructions problem in SMP

From: Alexander Graf
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH 40/58] PPC: Fix sync instructions problem in SMP
Date: Wed, 14 Sep 2011 10:43:04 +0200

From: Elie Richa <address@hidden>

In the current emulation of the load-and-reserve (lwarx) and
store-conditional (stwcx.) instructions, the internal reservation
mechanism is taken into account, however each CPU has its own
reservation information and this information is not synchronized between
CPUs to perform proper synchronization.
The following test case with 2 CPUs shows that the semantics of the
"lwarx" and "stwcx." instructions are not preserved by the emulation.
The test case does the following :
        - CPU0: reserve a memory location
        - CPU1: reserve the same memory location
        - CPU0: perform stwcx. on the location
The last store-conditional operation succeeds while it is supposed to
fail since the reservation was supposed to be lost at the second reserve

This (one line) patch fixes this problem in a very simple manner by
removing the reservation of a CPU every time it is scheduled (in
cpu_exec()). While this is a harsh workaround, it does not affect the
guest code much because reservations are usually held for a very short
time, that is an lwarx is almost always followed by an stwcx. a few
instructions below. Therefore, in most cases, the reservation will be
taken and consumed before a CPU switch occurs. However in the rare case
where a CPU switch does occur between the lwarx and its corresponding
stwcx.  this patch solves a potential erroneous behavior of the
synchronization instructions.

Signed-off-by: Elie Richa <address@hidden>
Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <address@hidden>
 cpu-exec.c |    1 +
 1 files changed, 1 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/cpu-exec.c b/cpu-exec.c
index aef66f2..a9fa608 100644
--- a/cpu-exec.c
+++ b/cpu-exec.c
@@ -217,6 +217,7 @@ int cpu_exec(CPUState *env)
 #elif defined(TARGET_ARM)
 #elif defined(TARGET_UNICORE32)
 #elif defined(TARGET_PPC)
+    env->reserve_addr = -1;
 #elif defined(TARGET_LM32)
 #elif defined(TARGET_MICROBLAZE)
 #elif defined(TARGET_MIPS)

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