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[Qemu-devel] [PATCH v4] vnc: disable VNC password authentication (securi

From: Paul Moore
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v4] vnc: disable VNC password authentication (security type 2) when in FIPS mode
Date: Fri, 08 Jun 2012 17:38:12 -0400
User-agent: StGit/0.16

FIPS 140-2 requires disabling certain ciphers, including DES, which is used
by VNC to obscure passwords when they are sent over the network.  The
solution for FIPS users is to disable the use of VNC password auth when the
host system is operating in FIPS mode.

This patch causes QEMU to emit a message to stderr when the host system is
running in FIPS mode and a VNC password was specified on the commend line.
If the system is not running in FIPS mode, or is running in FIPS mode but
VNC password authentication was not requested, QEMU operates normally.

Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <address@hidden>

* v4
- Removed the use of syslog
* v3
- Use fgetc() instead of fgets() in fips_enabled
- Only emit a syslog message if the caller tries to use VNC password auth
- Suggest alternative auth methods in the stderr notice
* v2
- Protected syslog with _WIN32
- Protected the guts of fips_enabled() with __linux__
- Converted fips_enabled() and the fips flag from int to bool
- Initial draft
 qemu-doc.texi |    8 +++++---
 ui/vnc.c      |   27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 ui/vnc.h      |    1 +
 3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/qemu-doc.texi b/qemu-doc.texi
index 0af0ff4..fe8d3df 100644
--- a/qemu-doc.texi
+++ b/qemu-doc.texi
@@ -1124,9 +1124,11 @@ the protocol limits passwords to 8 characters it should 
not be considered
 to provide high security. The password can be fairly easily brute-forced by
 a client making repeat connections. For this reason, a VNC server using 
 authentication should be restricted to only listen on the loopback interface
-or UNIX domain sockets. Password authentication is requested with the 
-option, and then once QEMU is running the password is set with the monitor. 
-the monitor is used to set the password all clients will be rejected.
+or UNIX domain sockets. Password authentication is not supported when operating
+in FIPS 140-2 compliance mode as it requires the use of the DES cipher. 
+authentication is requested with the @code{password} option, and then once QEMU
+is running the password is set with the monitor. Until the monitor is used to
+set the password all clients will be rejected.
 qemu-system-i386 [...OPTIONS...] -vnc :1,password -monitor stdio
diff --git a/ui/vnc.c b/ui/vnc.c
index 54bc5ad..4bd816d 100644
--- a/ui/vnc.c
+++ b/ui/vnc.c
@@ -48,6 +48,21 @@ static DisplayChangeListener *dcl;
 static int vnc_cursor_define(VncState *vs);
 static void vnc_release_modifiers(VncState *vs);
+static bool fips_enabled(void)
+    bool enabled = false;
+#ifdef __linux__
+    FILE *fds = fopen("/proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled", "r");
+    if (fds != NULL) {
+        enabled = (fgetc(fds) == '1');
+        fclose(fds);
+    }
+#endif /* __linux__ */
+    return enabled;
 static void vnc_set_share_mode(VncState *vs, VncShareMode mode)
 #ifdef _VNC_DEBUG
@@ -2748,6 +2763,9 @@ void vnc_display_init(DisplayState *ds)
     dcl->idle = 1;
     vnc_display = vs;
+    vs->fips = fips_enabled();
+    VNC_DEBUG("FIPS mode %s\n", (vs->fips ? "enabled" : "disabled"));
     vs->lsock = -1;
     vs->ds = ds;
@@ -2896,6 +2914,15 @@ int vnc_display_open(DisplayState *ds, const char 
     while ((options = strchr(options, ','))) {
         if (strncmp(options, "password", 8) == 0) {
+            if (vs->fips) {
+                fprintf(stderr,
+                        "VNC password auth disabled due to FIPS mode, "
+                        "consider using the VeNCrypt or SASL authentication "
+                        "methods as an alternative\n");
+                g_free(vs->display);
+                vs->display = NULL;
+                return -1;
+            }
             password = 1; /* Require password auth */
         } else if (strncmp(options, "reverse", 7) == 0) {
             reverse = 1;
diff --git a/ui/vnc.h b/ui/vnc.h
index a851ebd..d41631b 100644
--- a/ui/vnc.h
+++ b/ui/vnc.h
@@ -160,6 +160,7 @@ struct VncDisplay
     char *display;
     char *password;
     time_t expires;
+    bool fips;
     int auth;
     bool lossy;
     bool non_adaptive;

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