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[Qemu-devel] [Bug 602336] Re: bad network performance with 10Gbit

From: zerocoolx
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [Bug 602336] Re: bad network performance with 10Gbit
Date: Wed, 11 Jul 2012 18:18:00 -0000

At the moment i'm using version qemu 0.12.3+noroms-0ubuntu9.18 of my
ubuntu distribution. I'm triing to compile the latest upstream version
during the next two weeks to verify if this is still an issue.

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  bad network performance with 10Gbit

Status in QEMU:

Bug description:
  I have trouble with the network performance inside my virtual machines. I 
don't know if this is realy a bug, but I didn't find a solution for this 
problem in other forums or maillists.

  My KVM-Host machine is connected to a 10Gbit Network. All interfaces
  are configured to a mtu of 4132. On this host I have no problems and I
  can use the full bandwidth:

  2x Intel Xeon X5570
  flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat 
pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm 
constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf 
pni dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm dca sse4_1 sse4_2 
popcnt lahf_lm ida tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid

  KVM Version:
  QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.3 (qemu-kvm-0.12.3), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 
Fabrice Bellard

  KVM Host Kernel:
  2.6.32-22-server #36-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jun 3 20:38:33 UTC 2010 x86_64 GNU/Linux

  KVM Host OS:
  Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
  Codename: lucid

  KVM Guest Kernel:
  2.6.32-22-server #36-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jun 3 20:38:33 UTC 2010 x86_64 GNU/Linux

  KVM Guest OS:
  Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
  Codename: lucid

  # iperf -c -w 65536 -p 12345 -t 60 -P4
  [ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth
  [ 4] 0.0-60.0 sec 18.8 GBytes 2.69 Gbits/sec
  [ 5] 0.0-60.0 sec 15.0 GBytes 2.14 Gbits/sec
  [ 6] 0.0-60.0 sec 19.3 GBytes 2.76 Gbits/sec
  [ 3] 0.0-60.0 sec 15.1 GBytes 2.16 Gbits/sec
  [SUM] 0.0-60.0 sec 68.1 GBytes 9.75 Gbits/sec

  Inside a virtual machine don't reach this result:

  # iperf -c -w 65536 -p 12345 -t 60 -P 4
  [ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth
  [ 3] 0.0-60.0 sec 5.65 GBytes 808 Mbits/sec
  [ 4] 0.0-60.0 sec 5.52 GBytes 790 Mbits/sec
  [ 5] 0.0-60.0 sec 5.66 GBytes 811 Mbits/sec
  [ 6] 0.0-60.0 sec 5.70 GBytes 816 Mbits/sec
  [SUM] 0.0-60.0 sec 22.5 GBytes 3.23 Gbits/sec

  I only can use 3,23Gbits of 10Gbits. I use the virtio driver for all
  of my vms, but I have also tried to use the e1000 nic device instead.

  With starting the iperf performance test on multiple vms
  simultaneously I can use the full bandwidth of the kvm host's
  interface. But only one vm can't use the full bandwith. Is this a
  known limitation, or can I improve this performance?

  Does anyone have an idea how I can improve my network performance?
  It's very important, because I want to use the network interface to
  boot all vms via AOE (ATA over Ethernet).

  If I mount a harddisk via AOE inside a vm I get only this results:
  Write |CPU |Rewrite |CPU |Read |CPU
  102440 |10 |51343 |5 |104249 |3

  On the KVM Host I get those results on a mouted AOE Device:
  Write |CPU |Rewrite |CPU |Read |CPU
  205597 |19 |139118 |11 |391316 |11

  If I mount the AOE Device directly on the kvm-host and put a virtual 
harddisk-file in it I got the following results inside a vm using this 
  Write |CPU |Rewrite |CPU |Read |CPU
  175140 |12 |136113 |24 |599989 |29

  I have just tested vhost_net, but without success.
  I have upgraded my kernel to 2.6.35-6 with vhost_net support and have
  installed the qemu-kvm version from
  git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mst/qemu-kvm.git (0.12.50)
  But I still have the same results as before.

  I had already posted my problem into a few forums, but still got no

  I would feel very happy if someone can help me.

  best regards

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