[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

[Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH 0/2] GlusterFS support in QEMU - v2

From: Bharata B Rao
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH 0/2] GlusterFS support in QEMU - v2
Date: Sat, 21 Jul 2012 13:59:17 +0530
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)


Here is the v2 patchset for supporting GlusterFS protocol from QEMU.

This set of patches enables QEMU to boot VM images from gluster volumes.
This is achieved by adding gluster as a new block backend driver in QEMU.
Its already possible to boot from VM images on gluster volumes, but this
patchset provides the ability to boot VM images from gluster volumes by
by-passing the FUSE layer in gluster. In case the image is present on the
local system, it is possible to even bypass client and server translator and
hence the RPC overhead.

The major change in this version is to not implement libglusterfs based
gluster backend within QEMU but instead use libgfapi. libgfapi library
from GlusterFS project provides APIs to access gluster volumes directly.
With the use of libgfapi, the specification of gluster backend from QEMU
matches more closely with the GlusterFS's way of specifying volumes. We now
specify the gluster backed image like this:

-drive file=gluster:address@hidden:volname:image

- Here 'gluster' is the protocol.
- 'address@hidden' specifies the server where the volume file specification for
  the given volume resides. 'port' is the port number on which gluster
  management daemon (glusterd) is listening. This is optional and if not
  specified, QEMU will send 0 which will make libgfapi to use the default
- 'volname' is the name of the gluster volume which contains the VM image.
- 'image' is the path to the actual VM image in the gluster volume.

Note that we are no longer using volfiles directly and use volume names
instead. For this to work, gluster management daemon (glusterd) needs to
be running on the QEMU node. This limits the QEMU user to access the volumes by
the default volfiles that are generated by gluster CLI. This should be
fine as long as gluster CLI provides the capability to generate or regenerate
volume files for a given volume with the xlator set that QEMU user is
interested in. GlusterFS developers tell me that this can be provided with
some enhancements to Gluster CLI/glusterd. Note that the custom volume files
is typically needed when GlusterFS server is co-located with QEMU in
which case it would  be beneficial to get rid of client-server overhead and
RPC communication overhead.

Using the patches
- GlusterFS backend is enabled by specifying --enable-glusterfs with the
  configure script.
- You need to have installed GlusterFS from latest gluster git which provides
  the required libgfapi library. (git://git.gluster.com/glusterfs.git)
- As mentioned above, the VM image on gluster volume can be specified like
        -drive file=gluster:localhost:testvol:/F17,format=gluster

  Note that format=gluster is not needed ideally and its a work around I have
  until libgfapi provides a working connection cleanup routine (glfs_fini()).
  When the format isn't specified, QEMU figures out the format by doing
  find_image_format that results in one open and close before opening the
  image file long term for standard read and write. Gluster connection
  initialization is done from open and connection termination is done from
  close. But since glfs_fini() isn't working yet, I am bypassing
  find_image_format by specifying format=gluster directly which results in
  just one open and hence I am not limited by glfs_fini().

Changes for v2
- Removed the libglusterfs based gluster backend implementation within
  QEMU and instead using the APIs from libgfapi.
- Change in the specification from file=gluster:volfile:image to
  file=gluster:address@hidden:volname:image. format=gluster is no longer
- Passing iovectors obtained from generic block layer of QEMU directly to
  libgfapi instead of converting them to linear buffers.
- Processing the aio call back directly from the read thread of event handler
  pipe instead of scheduling a BH and delegating the processing to that BH.
- Added async flush (fsync) support.
- Refusal to handle partial read/writes in gluster block driver.
- Other minor cleanups based on review comments from v1 post. There is one
  comment that is yet to be addressed (using a local argument vs using a
  field of bs - Stefan), I will address them in the next iteration.


fio benchmark numbers
Dual core x86_64 laptop
QEMU (c0958559b1a58)
GlusterFS (35810fb2a7a12)
Guest: Fedora 16 (kernel 3.1.0-7.fc16.x86_64)
Host: Fedora 16 (kernel 3.4)

fio jobfile
# cat aio-read-direct-seq 
; Read 4 files with aio at different depths





Base: QEMU boots from directly from image on gluster brick.
Fuse mount: QEMU boots from VM image on gluster FUSE mount.
Fuse bypass: QEMU uses gluster protocol and uses standard client volfile.
Fuse bypass custom: QEMU uses gluster protocol and uses a minimal client
        volfile that just has client xlator.
RPC bypass: QEMU uses just posix xlator and doesn't depend on gluster server.

Numbers (aggrb, minb and maxb in kB/s. mint and maxt in msec)
                        aggrb   minb    maxb    mint    maxt
Base                    63076   15769   17488   29979   33248
Fuse mount              29392   7348    9266    56581   71350
Fuse bypass             53609   13402   14909   35164   39119
Fuse bypass custom      62968   15742   17962   29188   33305
RPC bypass              63505   15876   18534   28287   33023

All the scenarios used if=virtio and cache=none options.

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]