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[Qemu-devel] [0/8] Clean up PCI code to allow for multiple root buses

From: David Gibson
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [0/8] Clean up PCI code to allow for multiple root buses
Date: Thu, 9 May 2013 10:31:04 +1000

The current PCI subsystem has kind of half-hearted support for
multiple independent root buses - aka PCI domains - in the form of the
PCIHostBus structure and its domain field.  However, it doesn't quite
work because pci_host_bus_register() is always called with a domain of

Worse, though, the whole concept of numbered domains isn't general
enough.  Many platforms can have independent root buses (usually on
wholly independent host bridges), but only x86 gives them a
hardware-significant domain number, essentially as a hack to allow all
the separate config spaces to be accessed via the same IO ports.
Linux guests on other platforms will show domain numbers in lspci, but
these are purely guest assigned, so qemu won't know about them.

This patch series, therefore, removes the broken-as-is domain concept
from qemu, and replaces it with a different way of handling multiple
root buses, based on a host bridge class method to provide a
identifier for the root bus.  This hook is designed in such a way as
to allow a single bridge object to support mutiple root buses with
future changes, which will allow future implementations of x86 north
bridges with multiple domains to be supported correctly, and in way
that matches the existing practice for all external interfaces.

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