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Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2 00/11] qemu: use virtio linux headers in port

From: Anthony Liguori
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2 00/11] qemu: use virtio linux headers in portable code
Date: Sun, 26 May 2013 19:55:25 -0500
User-agent: Notmuch/0.15.2+77~g661dcf8 (http://notmuchmail.org) Emacs/23.3.1 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu)

"Michael S. Tsirkin" <address@hidden> writes:

> On Sun, May 26, 2013 at 03:49:53PM -0500, Anthony Liguori wrote:
>> Paolo Bonzini <address@hidden> writes:
>> > Il 26/05/2013 22:02, Michael S. Tsirkin ha scritto:
>> >> > My fault.  I should have looked at linux/types.h (actually 
>> >> > asm-generic/).
>> >> 
>> >> Not really, __uX appear in the headers that were posted.
>> Which is a problem because this is a reserved namespace in C99.
>> >> What I'm saying is - a chance of a conflict is very remote,
>> >> if it happens it's a build failure so easy to debug.
>> >
>> > I'm sure that others will complain, :) but you can go ahead.
>> I think we should clean up the virtio headers in the kernel first.
>> Seems like a good thing to do given the standardization effort too.
>> There are lots of headers in uapi that use the C99 int types
> I found 4:
> $ grep -l uint include/uapi/linux/*h
> include/uapi/linux/dm-log-userspace.h
> include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
> include/uapi/linux/jffs2.h
> include/uapi/linux/pps.h
> include/uapi/linux/rds.h
> include/uapi/linux/sctp.h
> That's not really lots.
>> so there
>> doesn't seem to be a reason they couldn't be used in virtio.  fuse.h
>> even has a:
>>     #ifdef __KERNEL__
>>     #include <linux/types.h>
>>     #else
>>     #include <stdint.h>
>>     #endif
>> Which seems like a reasonable thing to do.
> In kernel, we really want to use things like endian-ness
> checks (and, we really should have them in userspace too!).
> So we want __le32 and other kernel goodies
> like that. stdint.h won't cut it.

With the spec being standardized, I think having a stand alone set of
headers is a good thing.  Licensing is problematic here too.

If virtio headers depend on other Linux headers, then it really doesn't
matter if they are BSD licensed if you need a GPL header (like

Now, we can certainly debate the copyrightability of these defines and
what have you but if the headers are meant to be 1) consumed outside the
kernel 2) licensed under a different license than the general kernel
then depending on kernel goodies is the wrong strategy.

>> The only other kernel dependency is linux/if_ether.h to define
>> ETH_ALEN.  But it seems completely reasonable to define a
>> VIRTIO_NET_MAC_ALEN or something like that.
> Ugh. Not really reasonable IMO. We also use ETH_P_IP in code,
> would like to get rid of redefining that too.
> But we can have our own linux/if_ether.h for non-linux hosts,
> just with a
> couple of macros like that, it's not a big deal.

See above.


Anthony Liguori

>> This would make the virtio headers completely stand alone and includable
>> in userspace (without violating C99).
>> Perhaps it's even worth moving the headers from uapi/linux to
>> uapi/virtio.  Rusty, what do you think?
>> Regards,
>> Anhtony Liguori
>> >
>> > Paolo

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