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Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 1/3] IOMMU: add VTD_CAP_CM to vIOMMU capabili

From: Peter Xu
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 1/3] IOMMU: add VTD_CAP_CM to vIOMMU capability exposed to guest
Date: Mon, 6 Jun 2016 13:04:07 +0800
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.24 (2015-08-30)

On Thu, Jun 02, 2016 at 03:14:36PM +0200, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> On 2016-06-02 15:00, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Thu, 2 Jun 2016 16:44:39 +0800
> > Peter Xu <address@hidden> wrote:
> >> There should be more than one way to make it optional. Which is
> >> better? What I can think of:
> >>
> >> (Assume we have Marcel's "-device intel_iommu" working already)
> >>
> >> 1. Let the CM bit optional, or say, we need to specify something like
> >>    "-device intel_iommu,cmbit=on" or we will disable CM bit. If we
> >>    have CM disabled but with VFIO device, let QEMU raise error.
> >>
> >> 2. We automatically detect whether we need CM bit. E.g., if we have
> >>    VFIO and vIOMMU both enabled, we automatically set the bit. Another
> >>    case is maybe we would in the future support nested vIOMMU? If so,
> >>    we can do the same thing for the nested feature.
> > 
> > 
> > Why do we need to support VT-d for guests that do not support CM=1?
> > The VT-d spec indicates that software should be written to handle both
> > caching modes (6.1).  Granted this is a *should* and not a *must*,
> > but can't we consider guests that do not support CM=1 incompatible with
> > emulated VT-d?  If CM=0 needs to be supported then we need to shadow
> > all of the remapping structures since vfio effectively becomes a cache
> > of the that would otherwise depend on the invalidation of both present
> > and non-present entries.  What guests do not support CM=1?  Thanks,
> - there is at least one guest that does not support CM=1 yet (Jailhouse)

Besides the reason that there might have guests that do not support
CM=1, will there be performance considerations? When user's
configuration does not require CM capability (e.g., generic VM
configuration, without VFIO), shall we allow user to disable the CM
bit so that we can have better IOMMU performance (avoid extra and
useless invalidations)?

-- peterx

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