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[Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 0/7] virtio-blk: multiqueue support

From: Stefan Hajnoczi
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 0/7] virtio-blk: multiqueue support
Date: Tue, 7 Jun 2016 17:28:24 +0100

 * Drop Patch 1 to batch guest notify for non-dataplane

   The Linux AIO completion BH and the virtio-blk batch notify BH changed order
   in the AioContext->first_bh list as a side-effect of moving the BH from
   hw/block/dataplane/virtio-blk.c to hw/block/virtio-blk.c.  This caused a
   serious performance regression for both dataplane and non-dataplane.

   I've decided not to move the BH in this series and work on a separate
   solution for making batch notify generic.

   The remaining patches have been reordered and cleaned up.

 * See performance data below.

 * Simplify s->rq live migration [Paolo]
 * Use more efficient bitmap ops for batch notification [Paolo]
 * Fix perf regression due to batch notify BH in wrong AioContext [Christian]

The virtio_blk guest driver has supported multiple virtqueues since Linux 3.17.
This patch series adds multiple virtqueues to QEMU's virtio-blk emulated

Ming Lei sent patches previously but these were not merged.  This series
implements virtio-blk multiqueue for QEMU from scratch since the codebase has
changed.  Live migration support for s->rq was also missing from the previous
series and has been added.

It's important to note that QEMU's block layer does not support multiqueue yet.
Therefore virtio-blk device processes all virtqueues in the same AioContext
(IOThread).  Further work is necessary to take advantage of multiqueue support
in QEMU's block layer once it becomes available.

Performance results:

Using virtio-blk-pci,num-queues=4 can produce a speed-up but -smp 4
introduces a lot of variance across runs.  No pinning was performed.

Results show that there is no regression anymore, thanks to dropping the
batch notify BH patch.

RHEL 7.2 guest on RHEL 7.2 host with 1 vcpu and 1 GB RAM unless otherwise
noted.  The default configuration of the Linux null_blk driver is used as

$ cat files/fio.job


$ ./analyze.py runs/
Name                                   IOPS   Error
unpatched-d6550e9ed2             19269820.2 ± 1.36%
unpatched-dataplane-d6550e9ed2   22351400.4 ± 1.07%
v3-dataplane                     22318511.2 ± 0.77%
v3-no-dataplane                  18936103.8 ± 1.12%
v3-queues-4-no-dataplane         19177021.8 ± 1.45%
v3-smp-4-no-dataplane            25509585.2 ± 29.50%
v3-smp-4-no-dataplane-no-mq      12466177.2 ± 7.88%

Name                             Patched? Dataplane? SMP? MQ?
unpatched-d6550e9ed2                    N          N    N   N
unpatched-dataplane-d6550e9ed2          N          Y    N   N
v3-dataplane                            Y          Y    N   N
v3-no-dataplane                         Y          N    N   N
v3-queues-4-no-dataplane                Y          N    N   Y
v3-smp-4-no-dataplane                   Y          N    Y   Y
v3-smp-4-no-dataplane-no-mq             Y          N    Y   N

SMP means -smp 4.
MQ means virtio-blk-pci,num-queues=4.

Stefan Hajnoczi (7):
  virtio-blk: add VirtIOBlockConf->num_queues
  virtio-blk: multiqueue batch notify
  virtio-blk: tell dataplane which vq to notify
  virtio-blk: associate request with a virtqueue
  virtio-blk: live migrate s->rq with multiqueue
  virtio-blk: dataplane multiqueue support
  virtio-blk: add num-queues device property

 hw/block/dataplane/virtio-blk.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 hw/block/dataplane/virtio-blk.h |  2 +-
 hw/block/virtio-blk.c           | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
 include/hw/virtio/virtio-blk.h  |  6 ++-
 4 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)


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