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[Qemu-devel] [Patch v3 00/30] s390x CPU models: exposing features

From: David Hildenbrand
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [Patch v3 00/30] s390x CPU models: exposing features
Date: Wed, 24 Aug 2016 20:10:36 +0200

Only minor changes this version. I think this is ready to go. If we
find  model inconsitencies or bad feature names, we can still fix them
until the next release.

Latest version can be found on branch:
    github.com/cohuck/qemu cpumodel-s390x-v3


This is our second attempt to implement CPU models for s390x. We realized
that we also want to have features exposed via the CPU model. While doing
that we realized that we want to have a better interface for libvirt.

Unfortunately, CPU models on s390x are special and we have to take care of:
- A CPU like z13 looks differently in various environments (under different
  LPAR versions, under different z/VM versions, under different KVM
  versions, export regulation) - we have _a lot_ of feature variability.
- We still have certain features that are not published but might be
  implemented/introduced in the future. As they are a theoretical part
  of a CPU already, we have to find a way to model these future changes.
- We still have certain features that are already published, but not
  implemented. Implementation might be added in the future in KVM.
- We heavily rely on KVM to tell us which features it can actually
  virtualize - user space queries like "STFL(e)" give no guarantees.
- Certain "subfeatures" were introduced in one run. In practice, they are
  always around, but in theory, subfeatures could be dropped in the future.
- Just because two CPU models have the same features doesn't mean they
  are equal - some internal numbers might be different. E.g. we won't allow
  running a z13 under a zBC12 just by turning off features.
- We cannot blindly enable all possible features for a CPU generation,
  the IBC "Instruction Blocking Control" in KVM will try to block
  instructions introduced with certain features. So a CPU generation always
  has some maximum feature set that is guaranteed to work.

It all boils down to a specific released CPU to have.
a) A minimum feature set that we expect it to be have on every hypervisor.
b) A variable part that depends on the hypervisor and that could be
   extended in the future (adding not yet implemented features) that we
   always want to enable later on.
c) A variable part that we want to enable only if requested - nested
   virtualization ("vsie") and assists are one example.

As we want our users to always make use of most features, e.g. when using
the "z13" CPU model, we will have to update our CPU models between QEMU
releases, to include the latest feature additions we implemented/unlocked.
We're badically trying to be able at one point in the future to really look
like a maximum "z13" CPU in QEMU. However, that means that a "z13" CPU
looks differently on different QEMU versions. We will make sure using
compatibility machines, that migration stays safe.

However, if the feature set of a CPU model is bound to a compatibility
machine, how can it be of any help when used without a compatibility
machine? E.g. when indicating the host CPU model in "virsh capabilities",
simply saying "z13" is not really clear. Also when baselining and
comparing CPU models, we usually have no compatibility machine "context"
at hand. For this reason we introduce "static" CPU models, which will
never change, so everybody knows without a compatibility machine, what we
are talking about.

CPU definitions/models can be categorized:
1. migratable: all features _can_ be identified + properly migrated.
--> With migratable=off on x86, "host" cannot be migrated properly.    
2. migration-safe: in combination with a QEMU machine, migration will work.
--> No CPU features are lost/added during migration    
3. static: not bound to a QEMU machine - featureset will never* change.
--> Everybody knows which features are part of it, not affected by a compat    
    machine. "virsh capabilities" can show this as "host" model.
*except for trivial bugfixes, especially on very old models nobody used in
production. Should be avoided.

We are currently planning to also support a "migratable=off" on s390x
for the "-cpu host" model, in order to enable all features, including not
recognized ones.

So we have on s390x:
a) A static CPU model for each released CPU that will never change and
   maps to the minimum feature set we expect to be around on all
   hypervisors. e.g. "z13-base" or "z10EC.2-base".
b) A "default" CPU model for each released CPU, that can change between
   QEMU versions and that will always include the features we expect to
   be around in our currently supported environments and will contain only
   features we expect to be stable. E.g. nested virtualization will not be
   contained in these models  for now. "z13" or "z10EC.2" are examples.
c) An internal "maximum" CPU model for each generation that tells us which
   features were supported as a maximum back when the hardware was
   released. This will not be exposed but used internally.

To not have to replicate all CPU model changes ("new default fetaures") in
libvirt, to not duplicate the logic about compatibility and the like,
our approach tries to keep all the QEMU logic in libvirt and provide
standardized interfaces for libvirt to e.g. baseline, compare. This
allows libvirt to not have to care about any model names or feature names,
it can just pass the data from interface to interface and report it to
the user.

Also, libvirt might want to know what the "host" model looks like and
convert a CPU model to a migration safe variant. For this reason, a QMP
command is added that can create a migration safe variant of a variable
CPU model, indicating only the delta changes done to a stable model.

So we have:
a) "query-cpu-model-expansion" - tell us what the "host" or another CPU
   model looks like. Either falling back to a static model or
   completely exposing all properties.
b) "query-cpu-model-comparison" - tell us how two CPU models compare,
    -> needed for "virsh cpu-compare"  
c) "query-cpu-model-baseline" - create a new model out of two models,
    -> needed for virsh cpu-baseline"  

--------------------------------Libvirt usecase----------------------------

Testing for runability:
- Simply try to start QEMU with KVM, compat machine, CPU model
- Could be done using query-cpu-model-comparison in the future.

Identifying host model, e.g. "virsh capabilities"
- query-cpu-model-expansion on "host" with "-M none --enable-kvm"

<cpu mode='host-model'>:
- simply copy the identified host model

<cpu mode='host-passthrough'>:
- "-cpu host"

"virsh cpu-baseline":
- query-cpu-model-baseline on two models with "-M none"

"virsh cpu-compare":
- query-cpu-model-comparison on two models with "-M none"

There might be some cenarios where libvirt wants to convert another CPU
model to a static variant, this can be done using query-cpu-model-expansion

--------------------------------QMP examples------------------------------

Expanding "host" on z13.2 without nested virtualization support:
    { "execute":"query-cpu-model-expansion",
    { "return":{

Expanding "host" on zEC12.2 without nested virtualization support:
    { "execute":"query-cpu-model-expansion",
    { "return":{

Comparing both models (dropping features for readability)
    { "execute":"query-cpu-model-comparison",
          "props":{ ... }
          "props":{ ... }
Indicated are all z13 features + nested virtualization features. "type"
indicates that both models can never be made identical (as different
CPU generations).

Baselining both models (dropping features for readability)
    { "execute":"query-cpu-model-baseline",
          "props":{ ... }
          "props":{ ... }
Which is in fact a zEC12.2 without nested virtualization.

As an example, what "host" on z/VM system (zEC12.2, no vSIE) expands to:
    { "execute":"query-cpu-model-expansion",
    { "return":{
Important is: no TE, no EDAT(2), no CMM, no RI, no IPTER


Patch v2 -> v3:
- Two fixes to make checkpatch (more) happy. Ageed to ignore the remaining
- Renamed a couple of features as requested by Christian.
- Added "s390x/kvm: don't enable key wrapping if msa3 is disabled" to
  avoid errors when running CPU models without MSA3.

Patch v1 -> v2:
- Removed a leftover return statement in s390_get_feat_block()
- Replaced additional vector CAP checks by s390_has_feat()
- Report an error on unsupported expansion types in s390x
- Adapted documentation of query-cpu-definitions return values
-- static is not optional anymore, it is automatically set to false
- Changed documentation of query-cpu-(expansion|comparions|baseline)
-- be more verbose, document more clearly what can affect the result
-- added more details on how the interfaces can be used
-- adapted all suggestions by Eduardo
- new kvm/next linux-headers sync
- s390x:
-- Renamed feature "tx" to "te" (match /proc/cpuinfo)
-- Renamed feature "ctx" to "cte" (match te)
-- Renamed feature "z" to "zarch" (match /proc/cpuinfo)
-- Renamed feature "ecput" to "ectg" (instruction name)
-- Renamed feature "exece" to "exrl" (instruction name)
-- Renamed feature "spropg" to "sprogp" (misspelled)
-- Renamed feature "dateh1" to "dateh" (facility 1 is implicit)
-- Renamed feature "edat1" to "edat" (facility 1 is implicit)
-- Removed dependency check "cte" -> "te" to avoid warnings under z/VM
-- Added sthyi to every default + max model having stfle
-- Removed store-CPU-counter-multiple facility for now

RFC -> Patch v1:
- Rebased to master, had to fixup qmp_visitor and CPU ceation stuff
- Changed function calls from (*fn)(...) to fn(...)
- Mark models not only as migration-safe but also as static
- Introduced "qmp: details about CPU definitions in query-cpu-definitions"
- Expose "static" as CPU class property
- All CPU models except "host" are now migration-safe (e.g. qemu and z13)
- Replaced linux-header update by a proper kvm/next update
- Removed baseline type parameter from "query-cpu-model-baseline" to KIS
- Renamed "stable" expansion to "static" (as stable sounds misleading)
- Removed "migratable" expansion type, can be done via "migratable=off"
- Heavily improved description of the new QMP interfaces
- Actually tested all QMP interfaces. Various bugfixes.

David Hildenbrand (28):
  qmp: details about CPU definitions in query-cpu-definitions
  s390x/cpumodel: "host" and "qemu" as CPU subclasses
  s390x/cpumodel: expose CPU class properties
  s390x/cpumodel: generate CPU feature group lists
  s390x/cpumodel: introduce CPU feature group definitions
  s390x/cpumodel: register defined CPU models as subclasses
  s390x/cpumodel: store the CPU model in the CPU instance
  s390x/cpumodel: expose features and feature groups as properties
  s390x/cpumodel: let the CPU model handle feature checks
  s390x/cpumodel: check and apply the CPU model
  s390x/sclp: factor out preparation of cpu entries
  s390x/sclp: introduce sclp feature blocks
  s390x/sclp: indicate sclp features
  s390x/sclp: propagate the ibc val(lowest and unblocked ibc)
  s390x/sclp: propagate the mha via sclp
  s390x/sclp: propagate hmfai
  linux-headers: update against kvm/next
  s390x/kvm: allow runtime-instrumentation for "none" machine
  s390x/kvm: implement CPU model support
  s390x/kvm: disable host model for problematic compat machines
  s390x/kvm: let the CPU model control CMM(A)
  s390x/kvm: don't enable key wrapping if msa3 is disabled
  qmp: add QMP interface "query-cpu-model-expansion"
  qmp: add QMP interface "query-cpu-model-comparison"
  qmp: add QMP interface "query-cpu-model-baseline"
  s390x/cpumodel: implement QMP interface "query-cpu-model-expansion"
  s390x/cpumodel: implement QMP interface "query-cpu-model-comparison"
  s390x/cpumodel: implement QMP interface "query-cpu-model-baseline"

Michael Mueller (2):
  s390x/cpumodel: introduce CPU features
  s390x/cpumodel: generate CPU feature lists for CPU models

 Makefile.target                                    |    2 +-
 hw/s390x/s390-virtio-ccw.c                         |    5 +
 hw/s390x/s390-virtio.c                             |    6 +-
 hw/s390x/sclp.c                                    |   35 +-
 include/hw/s390x/sclp.h                            |   17 +-
 include/standard-headers/linux/input-event-codes.h |   32 +
 include/standard-headers/linux/input.h             |    1 +
 include/standard-headers/linux/virtio_config.h     |   10 +-
 include/standard-headers/linux/virtio_ids.h        |    1 +
 include/standard-headers/linux/virtio_net.h        |    3 +
 include/sysemu/arch_init.h                         |    9 +
 linux-headers/asm-arm/kvm.h                        |    4 +-
 linux-headers/asm-arm64/kvm.h                      |    2 +
 linux-headers/asm-s390/kvm.h                       |   41 +
 linux-headers/asm-x86/unistd_x32.h                 |    4 +-
 linux-headers/linux/kvm.h                          |   18 +-
 linux-headers/linux/vhost.h                        |   33 +
 qapi-schema.json                                   |  246 ++++-
 qmp-commands.hx                                    |   18 +
 qmp.c                                              |   21 +
 rules.mak                                          |    1 +
 stubs/Makefile.objs                                |    3 +
 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-baseline.c              |   12 +
 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-comparison.c            |   12 +
 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-expansion.c             |   12 +
 target-s390x/Makefile.objs                         |   22 +-
 target-s390x/cpu-qom.h                             |    6 +
 target-s390x/cpu.c                                 |   35 +-
 target-s390x/cpu.h                                 |    5 +
 target-s390x/cpu_features.c                        |  375 +++++++
 target-s390x/cpu_features.h                        |  301 ++++++
 target-s390x/cpu_models.c                          | 1089 ++++++++++++++++++++
 target-s390x/cpu_models.h                          |  113 ++
 target-s390x/gen-features.c                        |  588 +++++++++++
 target-s390x/helper.c                              |   33 +-
 target-s390x/kvm.c                                 |  356 ++++++-
 target-s390x/machine.c                             |   14 +-
 37 files changed, 3407 insertions(+), 78 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-baseline.c
 create mode 100644 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-comparison.c
 create mode 100644 stubs/arch-query-cpu-model-expansion.c
 create mode 100644 target-s390x/cpu_features.c
 create mode 100644 target-s390x/cpu_features.h
 create mode 100644 target-s390x/cpu_models.c
 create mode 100644 target-s390x/cpu_models.h
 create mode 100644 target-s390x/gen-features.c


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