[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [Qemu-devel] virsh dump (qemu guest memory dump?): KASLR enabled lin

From: Laszlo Ersek
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] virsh dump (qemu guest memory dump?): KASLR enabled linux guest support
Date: Wed, 9 Nov 2016 12:26:17 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/45.4.0

On 11/09/16 11:40, Andrew Jones wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 09, 2016 at 11:01:46AM +0800, Dave Young wrote:
>> Hi,
>> Latest linux kernel enabled kaslr to randomiz phys/virt memory
>> addresses, we had some effort to support kexec/kdump so that crash
>> utility can still works in case crashed kernel has kaslr enabled.
>> But according to Dave Anderson virsh dump does not work, quoted messages
>> from Dave below:
>> """
>> with virsh dump, there's no way of even knowing that KASLR
>> has randomized the kernel __START_KERNEL_map region, because there is no
>> virtual address information -- e.g., like "SYMBOL(_stext)" in the kdump
>> vmcoreinfo data to compare against the vmlinux file symbol value.
>> Unless virsh dump can export some basic virtual memory data, which
>> they say it can't, I don't see how KASLR can ever be supported.
>> """
>> I assume virsh dump is using qemu guest memory dump facility so it
>> should be first addressed in qemu. Thus post this query to qemu devel
>> list. If this is not correct please let me know.
>> Could you qemu dump people make it work? Or we can not support virt dump
>> as long as KASLR being enabled. Latest Fedora kernel has enabled it in 
>> x86_64.
> When the -kernel command line option is used, then it may be possible
> to extract some information that could be used to supplement the memory
> dump that dump-guest-memory provides. However, that would be a specific
> use. In general, QEMU knows nothing about the guest kernel. It doesn't
> know where it is in the disk image, and it doesn't even know if it's
> Linux.
> Is there anything a guest userspace application could probe from e.g.
> /proc that would work? If so, then the guest agent could gain a new
> feature providing that.

I fully agree. This is exactly what I suggested too, independently, in
the downstream thread, before arriving at this upstream thread. Let me
quote that email:

On 11/09/16 12:09, Laszlo Ersek wrote:
> [...] the dump-guest-memory QEMU command supports an option called
> "paging". Here's its documentation, from the "qapi-schema.json" source
> file:
>> # @paging: if true, do paging to get guest's memory mapping. This allows
>> #          using gdb to process the core file.
>> #
>> #          IMPORTANT: this option can make QEMU allocate several gigabytes
>> #                     of RAM. This can happen for a large guest, or a
>> #                     malicious guest pretending to be large.
>> #
>> #          Also, paging=true has the following limitations:
>> #
>> #             1. The guest may be in a catastrophic state or can have 
>> corrupted
>> #                memory, which cannot be trusted
>> #             2. The guest can be in real-mode even if paging is enabled. For
>> #                example, the guest uses ACPI to sleep, and ACPI sleep state
>> #                goes in real-mode
>> #             3. Currently only supported on i386 and x86_64.
>> #
> "virsh dump --memory-only" sets paging=false, for obvious reasons.
> [...] the dump-guest-memory command provides a raw snapshot of the
> virtual machine's memory (and of the registers of the VCPUs); it is
> not enlightened about the guest.
> If the additional information you are looking for can be retrieved
> within the running Linux guest, using an appropriately privieleged
> userspace process, then I would recommend considering an extension to
> the qemu guest agent. The management layer (libvirt, [...]) could
> first invoke the guest agent (a process with root privileges running
> in the guest) from the host side, through virtio-serial. The new guest
> agent command would return the information necessary to deal with
> KASLR. Then the management layer would initiate the dump like always.
> Finally, the extra information would be combined with (or placed
> beside) the dump file in some way.
> So, this proposal would affect the guest agent and the management
> layer (= libvirt).

Given that we already dislike "paging=true", enlightening
dump-guest-memory with even more guest-specific insight is the wrong
approach, IMO. That kind of knowledge belongs to the guest agent.


reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]