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Re: [Qemu-devel] Nested PCI passthrough

From: Alex Williamson
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] Nested PCI passthrough
Date: Sat, 21 Jan 2017 01:41:59 -0700

On Sat, 21 Jan 2017 04:16:25 +0100
fassl <address@hidden> wrote:

> Hello,
> i am trying to pass through a graphic card to a guest within a guest.
> So far i can see a text console within the target vm which says
> "radeon: ring 0 test failed", so it times out in radeon_vce_ring_test
> function. I am using qemu 2.8.50 at revision
> 0f6bcf68a99efdc531b209551f2b760b0bdcc554.
> The relevant lowermost host arguments are:
> -machine pc-q35-2.8,accel=kvm,kernel-irqchip=split
> -device intel-iommu,intremap=on,eim=on
> If i dont set the x-vga flag for the passed through device in the
> lowermost host the VM within the VM does not reset(?) the device during
> shutdown and the screen freezes. If i do, the screen goes black and no
> signal is going to the screen anymore and i can restart the target VM
> without the whole machine freezing. (one has to set
> CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA=y in the kernel of the first VM, or call
> pci_register_vga to get this)
> Also with irqchip=split the first vm cannot shutdown gracefully and
> crashes during shutdown.
> I also can see some IRTE vector and trigger mode inconsistencies, can
> they cause this?
> Or are there some quirks to be done to get this going?
> If anybody could lead me into the right direction or if there is work
> going on in this field i would be more than glad to help testing.
> Thank you in advance

This shouldn't even be possible right now, vfio-pci should generate an
abort when used with intel-iommu.  There is work in progress to make
some form of vfio-pci work with intel-iommu, but devices that don't
support function level reset (such as graphics cards) are going to have
a more difficult time than most being supported in this configuration.
What is your use case that you're even attempting this (or consider it
a sane thing to do)?  Thanks,


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