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Re: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH 1/8] iommu: Introduce bind_pasid_table API f

From: Liu, Yi L
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH 1/8] iommu: Introduce bind_pasid_table API function
Date: Fri, 28 Apr 2017 17:04:58 +0800
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21 (2010-09-15)

On Wed, Apr 26, 2017 at 05:56:45PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Hi Yi, Jacob,
> On 26/04/17 11:11, Liu, Yi L wrote:
> > From: Jacob Pan <address@hidden>
> > 
> > Virtual IOMMU was proposed to support Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) use
> > case in the guest:
> > https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2016-11/msg05311.html
> > 
> > As part of the proposed architecture, when a SVM capable PCI
> > device is assigned to a guest, nested mode is turned on. Guest owns the
> > first level page tables (request with PASID) and performs GVA->GPA
> > translation. Second level page tables are owned by the host for GPA->HPA
> > translation for both request with and without PASID.
> > 
> > A new IOMMU driver interface is therefore needed to perform tasks as
> > follows:
> > * Enable nested translation and appropriate translation type
> > * Assign guest PASID table pointer (in GPA) and size to host IOMMU
> > 
> > This patch introduces new functions called iommu_(un)bind_pasid_table()
> > to IOMMU APIs. Architecture specific IOMMU function can be added later
> > to perform the specific steps for binding pasid table of assigned devices.
> > 
> > This patch also adds model definition in iommu.h. It would be used to
> > check if the bind request is from a compatible entity. e.g. a bind
> > request from an intel_iommu emulator may not be supported by an ARM SMMU
> > driver.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <address@hidden>
> > Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <address@hidden>
> > ---
> >  drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
> >  include/linux/iommu.h | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  2 files changed, 50 insertions(+)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > index dbe7f65..f2da636 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > @@ -1134,6 +1134,25 @@ int iommu_attach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain, 
> > struct device *dev)
> >  }
> >  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_attach_device);
> >  
> > +int iommu_bind_pasid_table(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev,
> > +                   struct pasid_table_info *pasidt_binfo)
> I guess that domain can always be deduced from dev using
> iommu_get_domain_for_dev, and doesn't need to be passed as argument?
> For the next version of my SVM series, I was thinking of passing group
> instead of device to iommu_bind. Since all devices in a group are expected
> to share the same mappings (whether they want it or not), users will have

Virtual address space is not tied to protection domain as I/O virtual address
space does. Is it really necessary to affect all the devices in this group.
Or it is just for consistence?

> to do iommu_group_for_each_dev anyway (as you do in patch 6/8). So it
> might be simpler to let the IOMMU core take the group lock and do
> group->domain->ops->bind_task(dev...) for each device. The question also
> holds for iommu_do_invalidate in patch 3/8.

In my understanding, it is moving the for_each_dev loop into iommu driver?
Is it?

> This way the prototypes would be:
> int iommu_bind...(struct iommu_group *group, struct ... *info)
> int iommu_unbind...(struct iommu_group *group, struct ...*info)
> int iommu_invalidate...(struct iommu_group *group, struct ...*info)

For PASID table binding from guest, I think it'd better to be per-device op
since the bind operation wants to modify the host context entry. But we may
still share the API and do things differently in iommu driver.

For invalidation, I think it'd better to be per-group. Actually, with guest
IOMMU exists, there is only one group in a domain on Intel platform. Do it for
each device is not expected. How about it on ARM?

> For PASID table binding it might not matter much, as VFIO will most likely
> be the only user. But task binding will be called by device drivers, which
> by now should be encouraged to do things at iommu_group granularity.
> Alternatively it could be done implicitly like in iommu_attach_device,
> with "iommu_bind_device_x" calling "iommu_bind_group_x".

Do you mean the bind task from userspace driver? I guess you're trying to do
different types of binding request in a single svm_bind API?

> Extending this reasoning, since groups in a domain are also supposed to
> have the same mappings, then similarly to map/unmap,
> bind/unbind/invalidate should really be done with an iommu_domain (and
> nothing else) as target argument. However this requires the IOMMU core to
> keep a group list in each domain, which might complicate things a little
> too much.
> But "all devices in a domain share the same PASID table" is the paradigm
> I'm currently using in the guts of arm-smmu-v3. And I wonder if, as with
> iommu_group, it should be made more explicit to users, so they don't
> assume that devices within a domain are isolated from each others with
> regard to PASID DMA.

Is the isolation you mentioned means forbidding to do PASID DMA to the same
virtual address space when the device comes from different domain?

Yi L

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