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[Qemu-devel] [PATCH v11 21/25] replay: document development rules

From: Pavel Dovgalyuk
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v11 21/25] replay: document development rules
Date: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 16:17:21 +0300
User-agent: StGit/0.17.1-dirty

This patch introduces docs/devel/replay.txt which describes the rules
that should be followed to make virtual devices usable in record/replay mode.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Dovgalyuk <address@hidden>


v9: fixed external virtual clock description (reported by Artem Pisarenko)
 docs/devel/replay.txt |   46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 46 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 docs/devel/replay.txt

diff --git a/docs/devel/replay.txt b/docs/devel/replay.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e641c35
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/devel/replay.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+Record/replay mechanism, that could be enabled through icount mode, expects
+the virtual devices to satisfy the following requirements.
+The main idea behind this document is that everything that affects
+the guest state during execution in icount mode should be deterministic.
+All virtual devices should use virtual clock for timers that change the guest
+state. Virtual clock is deterministic, therefore such timers are deterministic
+Virtual devices can also use realtime clock for the events that do not change
+the guest state directly. When the clock ticking should depend on VM execution
+speed, use virtual clock with EXTERNAL attribute. It is not deterministic,
+but its speed depends on the guest execution. This clock is used by
+the virtual devices (e.g., slirp routing device) that lie outside the
+replayed guest.
+Bottom halves
+Bottom half callbacks, that affect the guest state, should be invoked through
+replay_bh_schedule_event or replay_bh_schedule_oneshot_event functions.
+Their invocations are saved in record mode and synchronized with the existing
+log in replay mode.
+Saving/restoring the VM state
+All fields in the device state structure (including virtual timers)
+should be restored by loadvm to the same values they had before savevm.
+Avoid accessing other devices' state, because the order of saving/restoring
+is not defined. It means that you should not call functions like
+'update_irq' in post_load callback. Save everything explicitly to avoid
+the dependencies that may make restoring the VM state non-deterministic.
+Stopping the VM
+Stopping the guest should not interfere with its state (with the exception
+of the network connections, that could be broken by the remote timeouts).
+VM can be stopped at any moment of replay by the user. Restarting the VM
+after that stop should not break the replay by the unneeded guest state change.

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