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[PATCH v2 1/8] Makefile: Ensure we don't run Sphinx in parallel for manp

From: Peter Maydell
Subject: [PATCH v2 1/8] Makefile: Ensure we don't run Sphinx in parallel for manpages
Date: Fri, 24 Jan 2020 16:25:59 +0000

Sphinx will corrupt its doctree cache if we run two copies
of it in parallel. In commit 6bda415c10d966c8d3 we worked
around this by having separate doctrees for 'html' vs 'manpage'
runs. However now that we have more than one manpage produced
from a single manual we can run into this again when trying
to produce the two manpages.

Use the trick described in 'Atomic Rules in GNU Make'
to ensure that we only run the Sphinx manpage builder once
for each manual, even if we're producing several manpages.
This fixes doctree corruption in parallel builds and also
avoids pointlessly running Sphinx more often than we need to.

(In GNU Make 4.3 there is builtin support for this, via
the "&:" syntax, but we can't wait for that to be available
in all the distros we support...)

The generic "one invocation for multiple output files"
machinery is provided as a macro named 'atomic' in rules.mak;
we then wrap this in a more specific macro for defining
the rule and dependencies for the manpages in a Sphinx
manual, to avoid excessive repetition.

Signed-off-by: Peter Maydell <address@hidden>
 Makefile  | 17 ++++++++++-------
 rules.mak | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 04c77d3b962..9b7ff1dc82f 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1028,6 +1028,14 @@ build-manual = $(call 
quiet-command,CONFDIR="$(qemu_confdir)" sphinx-build $(if
 manual-deps = $(wildcard $(SRC_PATH)/docs/$1/*.rst) \
               $(wildcard $(SRC_PATH)/docs/$1/*.rst.inc) \
               $(SRC_PATH)/docs/$1/conf.py $(SRC_PATH)/docs/conf.py
+# Macro to write out the rule and dependencies for building manpages
+# Usage: $(call define-manpage-rule,manualname,manpage1 
+# 'extradeps' is optional, and specifies extra files (eg .hx files) that
+# the manual page depends on.
+define define-manpage-rule
+$(call atomic,$(foreach manpage,$2,$(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/$1/$(manpage)),$(call 
manual-deps,$1) $3)
+       $(call build-manual,$1,man)
 $(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/devel/index.html: $(call manual-deps,devel)
        $(call build-manual,devel,html)
@@ -1041,14 +1049,9 @@ $(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/specs/index.html: $(call 
 $(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/system/index.html: $(call manual-deps,system)
        $(call build-manual,system,html)
-$(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/interop/qemu-ga.8: $(call manual-deps,interop)
-       $(call build-manual,interop,man)
+$(call define-manpage-rule,interop,qemu-ga.8 qemu-nbd.8)
-$(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/interop/qemu-nbd.8: $(call manual-deps,interop)
-       $(call build-manual,interop,man)
-$(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/system/qemu-block-drivers.7: $(call manual-deps,system)
-       $(call build-manual,system,man)
+$(call define-manpage-rule,system,qemu-block-drivers.7)
 $(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)/index.html: $(SRC_PATH)/docs/index.html.in qemu-version.h
        @mkdir -p "$(MANUAL_BUILDDIR)"
diff --git a/rules.mak b/rules.mak
index 967295dd2b6..50f6776f529 100644
--- a/rules.mak
+++ b/rules.mak
@@ -399,3 +399,39 @@ GEN_SUBST = $(call quiet-command, \
 %.json: %.json.in
        $(call GEN_SUBST)
+# Support for building multiple output files by atomically executing
+# a single rule which depends on several input files (so the rule
+# will be executed exactly once, not once per output file, and
+# not multiple times in parallel.) For more explanation see:
+# https://www.cmcrossroads.com/article/atomic-rules-gnu-make
+# Given a space-separated list of filenames, create the name of
+# a 'sentinel' file to use to indicate that they have been built.
+# We use fixed text on the end to avoid accidentally triggering
+# automatic pattern rules, and . on the start to make the file
+# not show up in ls output.
+sentinel = .$(subst $(SPACE),_,$(subst /,_,$1)).sentinel.
+# Define an atomic rule that builds multiple outputs from multiple inputs.
+# To use:
+#    $(call atomic,out1 out2 ...,in1 in2 ...)
+#    <TAB>rule to do the operation
+# Make 4.3 will have native support for this, and you would be able
+# to instead write:
+#    out1 out2 ... &: in1 in2 ...
+#    <TAB>rule to do the operation
+# The way this works is that it creates a make rule
+# "out1 out2 ... : sentinel-file ; @:" which says that the sentinel
+# depends on the dependencies, and the rule to do that is "do nothing".
+# Then we have a rule
+# "sentinel-file : in1 in2 ..."
+# whose commands start with "touch sentinel-file" and then continue
+# with the rule text provided by the user of this 'atomic' function.
+# The foreach... is there to delete the sentinel file if any of the
+# output files don't exist, so that we correctly rebuild in that situation.
+atomic = $(eval $1: $(call sentinel,$1) ; @:) \
+         $(call sentinel,$1) : $2 ; @touch $$@ \
+         $(foreach t,$1,$(if $(wildcard $t),,$(shell rm -f $(call 

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