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Re: [PATCH v15 Kernel 4/7] vfio iommu: Implementation of ioctl for dirty


From: Alex Williamson
Subject: Re: [PATCH v15 Kernel 4/7] vfio iommu: Implementation of ioctl for dirty pages tracking.
Date: Thu, 19 Mar 2020 16:57:04 -0600

On Fri, 20 Mar 2020 01:46:41 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <address@hidden> wrote:

> VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES ioctl performs three operations:
> - Start dirty pages tracking while migration is active
> - Stop dirty pages tracking.
> - Get dirty pages bitmap. Its user space application's responsibility to
>   copy content of dirty pages from source to destination during migration.
> 
> To prevent DoS attack, memory for bitmap is allocated per vfio_dma
> structure. Bitmap size is calculated considering smallest supported page
> size. Bitmap is allocated for all vfio_dmas when dirty logging is enabled
> 
> Bitmap is populated for already pinned pages when bitmap is allocated for
> a vfio_dma with the smallest supported page size. Update bitmap from
> pinning functions when tracking is enabled. When user application queries
> bitmap, check if requested page size is same as page size used to
> populated bitmap. If it is equal, copy bitmap, but if not equal, return
> error.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <address@hidden>
> Reviewed-by: Neo Jia <address@hidden>
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 242 
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 236 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 70aeab921d0f..239f61764d03 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ struct vfio_iommu {
>       unsigned int            dma_avail;
>       bool                    v2;
>       bool                    nesting;
> +     bool                    dirty_page_tracking;
>  };
>  
>  struct vfio_domain {
> @@ -91,6 +92,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
>       bool                    lock_cap;       /* capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK) */
>       struct task_struct      *task;
>       struct rb_root          pfn_list;       /* Ex-user pinned pfn list */
> +     unsigned long           *bitmap;
>  };
>  
>  struct vfio_group {
> @@ -125,7 +127,21 @@ struct vfio_regions {
>  #define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)      \
>                                       (!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
>  
> +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(n)        (ALIGN(n, BITS_PER_TYPE(u64)) / 
> BITS_PER_BYTE)
> +
> +/*
> + * Input argument of number of bits to bitmap_set() is unsigned integer, 
> which
> + * further casts to signed integer for unaligned multi-bit operation,
> + * __bitmap_set().
> + * Then maximum bitmap size supported is 2^31 bits divided by 2^3 bits/byte,
> + * that is 2^28 (256 MB) which maps to 2^31 * 2^12 = 2^43 (8TB) on 4K page
> + * system.
> + */
> +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX       ((1UL << 31) - 1)
> +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_SIZE_MAX         
> DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX)
> +
>  static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot);
> +static unsigned long vfio_pgsize_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu);
>  
>  /*
>   * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
> @@ -175,6 +191,67 @@ static void vfio_unlink_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, 
> struct vfio_dma *old)
>       rb_erase(&old->node, &iommu->dma_list);
>  }
>  
> +
> +static int vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc(struct vfio_dma *dma, uint64_t pgsize)
> +{
> +     uint64_t npages = dma->size / pgsize;
> +

Shouldn't we test this against one of the MAX macros defined above?  It
would be bad if we could enabled dirty tracking but not allow the user
to retrieve it.

> +     dma->bitmap = kvzalloc(DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(npages), GFP_KERNEL);
> +     if (!dma->bitmap)
> +             return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +     return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, uint64_t 
> pgsize)
> +{
> +     struct rb_node *n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
> +
> +     for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
> +             struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> +             struct rb_node *p;
> +             int ret;
> +
> +             ret = vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc(dma, pgsize);
> +             if (ret) {
> +                     struct rb_node *p = rb_prev(n);
> +
> +                     for (; p; p = rb_prev(p)) {
> +                             struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n,
> +                                                     struct vfio_dma, node);
> +
> +                             kfree(dma->bitmap);
> +                             dma->bitmap = NULL;
> +                     }
> +                     return ret;
> +             }
> +
> +             if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dma->pfn_list))
> +                     continue;
> +
> +             for (p = rb_first(&dma->pfn_list); p; p = rb_next(p)) {
> +                     struct vfio_pfn *vpfn = rb_entry(p, struct vfio_pfn,
> +                                                      node);
> +
> +                     bitmap_set(dma->bitmap,
> +                                (vpfn->iova - dma->iova) / pgsize, 1);
> +             }
> +     }
> +     return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_dma_bitmap_free_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> +{
> +     struct rb_node *n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
> +
> +     for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
> +             struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> +
> +             kfree(dma->bitmap);
> +             dma->bitmap = NULL;

Might be useful to have a vfio_dma_bitmap_free() for here and above.

> +     }
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Helper Functions for host iova-pfn list
>   */
> @@ -567,6 +644,14 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
>                       vfio_unpin_page_external(dma, iova, do_accounting);
>                       goto pin_unwind;
>               }
> +
> +             if (iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> +                     unsigned long pgshift =
> +                                      __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
> +
> +                     bitmap_set(dma->bitmap,
> +                                (vpfn->iova - dma->iova) >> pgshift, 1);
> +             }
>       }
>  
>       ret = i;
> @@ -801,6 +886,7 @@ static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, 
> struct vfio_dma *dma)
>       vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, true);
>       vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
>       put_task_struct(dma->task);
> +     kfree(dma->bitmap);
>       kfree(dma);
>       iommu->dma_avail++;
>  }
> @@ -831,6 +917,50 @@ static unsigned long vfio_pgsize_bitmap(struct 
> vfio_iommu *iommu)
>       return bitmap;
>  }
>  
> +static int vfio_iova_dirty_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
> +                               size_t size, uint64_t pgsize,
> +                               u64 __user *bitmap)
> +{
> +     struct vfio_dma *dma;
> +     unsigned long pgshift = __ffs(pgsize);
> +     unsigned int npages, bitmap_size;
> +
> +     dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 1);
> +
> +     if (!dma)
> +             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +     if (dma->iova != iova || dma->size != size)
> +             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +     npages = dma->size >> pgshift;
> +     bitmap_size = DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(npages);
> +
> +     /* mark all pages dirty if all pages are pinned and mapped. */
> +     if (dma->iommu_mapped)
> +             bitmap_set(dma->bitmap, 0, npages);
> +
> +     if (copy_to_user((void __user *)bitmap, dma->bitmap, bitmap_size))
> +             return -EFAULT;

We still need to reset the bitmap here, clearing and re-adding the
pages that are still pinned.

https://lore.kernel.org/kvm/address@hidden/

> +
> +     return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int verify_bitmap_size(uint64_t npages, uint64_t bitmap_size)
> +{
> +     uint64_t bsize;
> +
> +     if (!npages || !bitmap_size || (bitmap_size > DIRTY_BITMAP_SIZE_MAX))
> +             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +     bsize = DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(npages);
> +
> +     if (bitmap_size < bsize)
> +             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +     return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>                            struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap *unmap)
>  {
> @@ -1038,16 +1168,16 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>       unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
>       size_t size = map->size;
>       int ret = 0, prot = 0;
> -     uint64_t mask;
> +     uint64_t pgsize;
>       struct vfio_dma *dma;
>  
>       /* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
>       if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
>               return -EINVAL;
>  
> -     mask = ((uint64_t)1 << __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu))) - 1;
> +     pgsize = (uint64_t)1 << __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
>  
> -     WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
> +     WARN_ON((pgsize - 1) & PAGE_MASK);
>  
>       /* READ/WRITE from device perspective */
>       if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE)
> @@ -1055,7 +1185,7 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>       if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ)
>               prot |= IOMMU_READ;
>  
> -     if (!prot || !size || (size | iova | vaddr) & mask)
> +     if (!prot || !size || (size | iova | vaddr) & (pgsize - 1))
>               return -EINVAL;
>  
>       /* Don't allow IOVA or virtual address wrap */
> @@ -1130,6 +1260,12 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>       else
>               ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
>  
> +     if (!ret && iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> +             ret = vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc(dma, pgsize);
> +             if (ret)
> +                     vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
> +     }
> +
>  out_unlock:
>       mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>       return ret;
> @@ -2278,6 +2414,93 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
>  
>               return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &unmap, minsz) ?
>                       -EFAULT : 0;
> +     } else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES) {
> +             struct vfio_iommu_type1_dirty_bitmap dirty;
> +             uint32_t mask = VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_START |
> +                             VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_STOP |
> +                             VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_GET_BITMAP;
> +             int ret = 0;
> +
> +             if (!iommu->v2)
> +                     return -EACCES;
> +
> +             minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_dirty_bitmap,
> +                                 flags);
> +
> +             if (copy_from_user(&dirty, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
> +                     return -EFAULT;
> +
> +             if (dirty.argsz < minsz || dirty.flags & ~mask)
> +                     return -EINVAL;
> +
> +             /* only one flag should be set at a time */
> +             if (__ffs(dirty.flags) != __fls(dirty.flags))
> +                     return -EINVAL;
> +
> +             if (dirty.flags & VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_START) {
> +                     uint64_t pgsize = 1 << __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
> +
> +                     mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +                     if (!iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> +                             ret = vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc_all(iommu, pgsize);
> +                             if (!ret)
> +                                     iommu->dirty_page_tracking = true;
> +                     }
> +                     mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +                     return ret;
> +             } else if (dirty.flags & VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_STOP) {
> +                     mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +                     if (iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> +                             iommu->dirty_page_tracking = false;
> +                             vfio_dma_bitmap_free_all(iommu);
> +                     }
> +                     mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +                     return 0;
> +             } else if (dirty.flags &
> +                              VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES_FLAG_GET_BITMAP) {
> +                     struct vfio_iommu_type1_dirty_bitmap_get range;
> +                     unsigned long pgshift;
> +                     size_t data_size = dirty.argsz - minsz;
> +                     uint64_t iommu_pgsize =
> +                                      1 << __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
> +
> +                     if (!data_size || data_size < sizeof(range))
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +                     if (copy_from_user(&range, (void __user *)(arg + minsz),
> +                                        sizeof(range)))
> +                             return -EFAULT;
> +
> +                     /* allow only min supported pgsize */
> +                     if (range.bitmap.pgsize != iommu_pgsize)
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +                     if (range.iova & (iommu_pgsize - 1))
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +                     if (!range.size || range.size & (iommu_pgsize - 1))
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +                     if (range.iova + range.size < range.iova)
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +                     if (!access_ok((void __user *)range.bitmap.data,
> +                                    range.bitmap.size))
> +                             return -EINVAL;
> +
> +                     pgshift = __ffs(range.bitmap.pgsize);
> +                     ret = verify_bitmap_size(range.size >> pgshift,
> +                                              range.bitmap.size);
> +                     if (ret)
> +                             return ret;
> +
> +                     mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +                     if (iommu->dirty_page_tracking)
> +                             ret = vfio_iova_dirty_bitmap(iommu, range.iova,
> +                                             range.size, range.bitmap.pgsize,
> +                                             range.bitmap.data);
> +                     else
> +                             ret = -EINVAL;
> +                     mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +
> +                     return ret;
> +             }
>       }
>  
>       return -ENOTTY;
> @@ -2345,10 +2568,17 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_dma_rw_chunk(struct 
> vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  
>       vaddr = dma->vaddr + offset;
>  
> -     if (write)
> +     if (write) {
>               *copied = __copy_to_user((void __user *)vaddr, data,
>                                        count) ? 0 : count;
> -     else
> +             if (*copied && iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> +                     unsigned long pgshift =
> +                             __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
> +
> +                     bitmap_set(dma->bitmap, offset >> pgshift,
> +                                *copied >> pgshift);
> +             }
> +     } else
>               *copied = __copy_from_user(data, (void __user *)vaddr,
>                                          count) ? 0 : count;
>       if (kthread)




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