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Re: [PATCH 6/6] qga/commands-posix: fix use after free of local_err

From: Eric Blake
Subject: Re: [PATCH 6/6] qga/commands-posix: fix use after free of local_err
Date: Tue, 24 Mar 2020 15:03:17 -0500
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/68.6.0

On 3/24/20 10:36 AM, Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy wrote:
local_err is used several times in guest_suspend(). Setting non-NULL
local_err will crash, so let's zero it after freeing. Also fix possible
leak of local_err in final if().

Signed-off-by: Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy <address@hidden>
  qga/commands-posix.c | 3 +++
  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/qga/commands-posix.c b/qga/commands-posix.c
index 93474ff770..cc69b82704 100644
--- a/qga/commands-posix.c
+++ b/qga/commands-posix.c
@@ -1773,6 +1773,7 @@ static void guest_suspend(SuspendMode mode, Error **errp)
+    local_err = NULL;

Let's show this with more context.

static void guest_suspend(SuspendMode mode, Error **errp)
    Error *local_err = NULL;
    bool mode_supported = false;

    if (systemd_supports_mode(mode, &local_err)) {

Hmm - we have an even earlier bug that needs fixing. Note that systemd_supports_mode() returns a bool AND conditionally sets errp. But it is inconsistent: it has the following table of actions based on the results of run_process_child() on "systemctl status" coupled with the man page on "systemctl status" return values:
-1 (unable to run systemctl) -> errp set, return false
0 (unit is active) -> errp left unchanged, return false
1 (unit not failed) -> errp left unchanged, return true
2 (unused) -> errp left unchanged, return true
3 (unit not active) -> errp left unchanged, return true
4 (no such unit) -> errp left unchanged, return false
5+ (unexpected from systemctl) -> errp left unchanged, return false

But the comments in systemd_supports_mode() claim that ANY status < 4 (other than -1, which means we did not run systemctl) should count as the service existing, even though the most common status is 3. If our comment is to be believed, then we should return true, not false, for status 0.

Now, back to _this_ function:

        mode_supported = true;
        systemd_suspend(mode, &local_err);

Okay - if we get here (whether from status 1-3, or with systemd_supports_mode fixed to support status 0-3), local_err is still unset prior to calling systemd_suspend(), and we are guaranteed that after the call, either we suspended successfully or local_err is now set.


    if (!local_err) {

So if returned, we succeeded at systemd_suspend, and there is nothing further to do; but if we get past that point, we don't know if it was systemd_supports_mode that failed or systemd_suspend that failed, and we don't know if local_err is set.

+    local_err = NULL;

Yet, we blindly throw away local_err, without trying to report it. If that's the case, then WHY are we passing in local_err? Wouldn't it be better to pass in NULL (we really don't care about the error message), and/or fix systemd_suspend() to return a bool just like systemd_supports_mode, and/or fix systemd_supports_mode to guarantee that it sets errp when returning false?

Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3226
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org

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