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RE: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it


From: Liu, Yi L
Subject: RE: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it
Date: Tue, 31 Mar 2020 06:34:32 +0000

Hi Eric,

> From: Eric Auger <address@hidden>
> Sent: Saturday, March 21, 2020 12:58 AM
> To: address@hidden; address@hidden; address@hidden;
> Subject: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it
> 
> In case we detect the address space is translated by
> a virtual IOMMU which requires HW nested paging to
> integrate with VFIO, let's set up the container with
> the VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU iommu_type.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <address@hidden>
> 
> ---
> 
> v4 -> v5:
> - fail immediatly if nested is wanted but not supported
> 
> v2 -> v3:
> - add "nested only is selected if requested by @force_nested"
>   comment in this patch
> ---
>  hw/vfio/common.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/hw/vfio/common.c b/hw/vfio/common.c
> index 0b3593b3c0..ac417b5dbd 100644
> --- a/hw/vfio/common.c
> +++ b/hw/vfio/common.c
> @@ -1155,27 +1155,38 @@ static void vfio_put_address_space(VFIOAddressSpace
> *space)
>   * vfio_get_iommu_type - selects the richest iommu_type (v2 first)
>   */
>  static int vfio_get_iommu_type(VFIOContainer *container,
> +                               bool want_nested,
>                                 Error **errp)
>  {
> -    int iommu_types[] = { VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU, VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU,
> +    int iommu_types[] = { VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU,
> +                          VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU, VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU,
>                            VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU };
> -    int i;
> +    int i, ret = -EINVAL;
> 
>      for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(iommu_types); i++) {
>          if (ioctl(container->fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, iommu_types[i])) {
> -            return iommu_types[i];
> +            if (iommu_types[i] == VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU && !want_nested) {
> +                continue;
> +            }
> +            ret = iommu_types[i];
> +            break;
>          }
>      }
> -    error_setg(errp, "No available IOMMU models");
> -    return -EINVAL;
> +    if (ret < 0) {
> +        error_setg(errp, "No available IOMMU models");
> +    } else if (want_nested && ret != VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU) {
> +        error_setg(errp, "Nested mode requested but not supported");
> +        ret = -EINVAL;
> +    }
> +    return ret;
>  }
> 
>  static int vfio_init_container(VFIOContainer *container, int group_fd,
> -                               Error **errp)
> +                               bool want_nested, Error **errp)
>  {
>      int iommu_type, ret;
> 
> -    iommu_type = vfio_get_iommu_type(container, errp);
> +    iommu_type = vfio_get_iommu_type(container, want_nested, errp);
>      if (iommu_type < 0) {
>          return iommu_type;
>      }
> @@ -1211,6 +1222,14 @@ static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group,
> AddressSpace *as,
>      VFIOContainer *container;
>      int ret, fd;
>      VFIOAddressSpace *space;
> +    IOMMUMemoryRegion *iommu_mr;
> +    bool nested = false;
> +
> +    if (as != &address_space_memory && memory_region_is_iommu(as->root)) {

I tried on my side. For virtual VT-d, it doesn't work as in intel_iommu,
we have a dynamic switch mechanism. Thus that, the
memory_region_is_iommu(as->root) won't return true as expected. I'm afraid
it doesn't work for virtual VT-d.  So firstly, I'm wondering if
as != &address_space_memory is enough. Secondly, I'm considering if it is
good to let vfio_get_group() caller to provide a hint whether vIOMMU is
exposed. e.g. vfio_realize() in vfio/pci.c could figure out whether vIOMMU
is set easily. Thoughts?

Regards,
Yi Liu



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