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RE: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it


From: Liu, Yi L
Subject: RE: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it
Date: Tue, 31 Mar 2020 08:34:21 +0000

> From: Auger Eric <address@hidden>
> Sent: Tuesday, March 31, 2020 4:05 PM
> To: Liu, Yi L <address@hidden>; address@hidden; qemu-
> Subject: Re: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it
> 
> Yi,
> 
> On 3/31/20 8:34 AM, Liu, Yi L wrote:
> > Hi Eric,
> >
> >> From: Eric Auger <address@hidden>
> >> Sent: Saturday, March 21, 2020 12:58 AM
> >> To: address@hidden; address@hidden; qemu-
> address@hidden;
> >> Subject: [RFC v6 09/24] vfio: Force nested if iommu requires it
> >>
> >> In case we detect the address space is translated by
> >> a virtual IOMMU which requires HW nested paging to
> >> integrate with VFIO, let's set up the container with
> >> the VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU iommu_type.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <address@hidden>
> >>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> v4 -> v5:
> >> - fail immediatly if nested is wanted but not supported
> >>
> >> v2 -> v3:
> >> - add "nested only is selected if requested by @force_nested"
> >>   comment in this patch
> >> ---
> >>  hw/vfio/common.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> >>  1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/hw/vfio/common.c b/hw/vfio/common.c
> >> index 0b3593b3c0..ac417b5dbd 100644
> >> --- a/hw/vfio/common.c
> >> +++ b/hw/vfio/common.c
> >> @@ -1155,27 +1155,38 @@ static void
> vfio_put_address_space(VFIOAddressSpace
> >> *space)
> >>   * vfio_get_iommu_type - selects the richest iommu_type (v2 first)
> >>   */
> >>  static int vfio_get_iommu_type(VFIOContainer *container,
> >> +                               bool want_nested,
> >>                                 Error **errp)
> >>  {
> >> -    int iommu_types[] = { VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU, VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU,
> >> +    int iommu_types[] = { VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU,
> >> +                          VFIO_TYPE1v2_IOMMU, VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU,
> >>                            VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_v2_IOMMU, VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU };
> >> -    int i;
> >> +    int i, ret = -EINVAL;
> >>
> >>      for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(iommu_types); i++) {
> >>          if (ioctl(container->fd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, iommu_types[i])) {
> >> -            return iommu_types[i];
> >> +            if (iommu_types[i] == VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU && 
> >> !want_nested)
> {
> >> +                continue;
> >> +            }
> >> +            ret = iommu_types[i];
> >> +            break;
> >>          }
> >>      }
> >> -    error_setg(errp, "No available IOMMU models");
> >> -    return -EINVAL;
> >> +    if (ret < 0) {
> >> +        error_setg(errp, "No available IOMMU models");
> >> +    } else if (want_nested && ret != VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU) {
> >> +        error_setg(errp, "Nested mode requested but not supported");
> >> +        ret = -EINVAL;
> >> +    }
> >> +    return ret;
> >>  }
> >>
> >>  static int vfio_init_container(VFIOContainer *container, int group_fd,
> >> -                               Error **errp)
> >> +                               bool want_nested, Error **errp)
> >>  {
> >>      int iommu_type, ret;
> >>
> >> -    iommu_type = vfio_get_iommu_type(container, errp);
> >> +    iommu_type = vfio_get_iommu_type(container, want_nested, errp);
> >>      if (iommu_type < 0) {
> >>          return iommu_type;
> >>      }
> >> @@ -1211,6 +1222,14 @@ static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group,
> >> AddressSpace *as,
> >>      VFIOContainer *container;
> >>      int ret, fd;
> >>      VFIOAddressSpace *space;
> >> +    IOMMUMemoryRegion *iommu_mr;
> >> +    bool nested = false;
> >> +
> >> +    if (as != &address_space_memory && memory_region_is_iommu(as->root))
> {
> >
> > I tried on my side. For virtual VT-d, it doesn't work as in intel_iommu,
> > we have a dynamic switch mechanism. Thus that, the
> > memory_region_is_iommu(as->root) won't return true as expected. I'm afraid
> > it doesn't work for virtual VT-d.  So firstly, I'm wondering if
> > as != &address_space_memory is enough.
> 
> (as != &address_space_memory) should be sufficient to tell that a vIOMMU
> is being used. But then, for example, you don't want to set nested
> paging for the virtio-iommu because virtio-iommu/VFIO uses notify-on-my
> (CM similar implementation). That's why I devised an attribute to
> retrieve the vIOMMU need for nested.
> 
>  Secondly, I'm considering if it is
> > good to let vfio_get_group() caller to provide a hint whether vIOMMU is
> > exposed. e.g. vfio_realize() in vfio/pci.c could figure out whether vIOMMU
> > is set easily. Thoughts?
> Sorry I don't get your point here. Why is it easier to figure out
> whether vIOMMU is set in vfio_realize()?
> 
> pci_device_iommu_address_space(pdev) !=  &address_space_memory
> does determine whether a vIOMMU is in place, no?
> 
No it's not just pci_device_iommu_address_space(pdev) !=  &address_space_memory,
I agree with your above comment, it's not enough to tell whether nesting is
needed or not. I'd like to add an API like pci_device_iommu_nesting_required(),
so that it can be determined. In the meanwhile, adding a query callback in
PCIIOMMUOps introduced in below pathc. Guess it works?

[v2,05/22] hw/pci: modify pci_setup_iommu() to set PCIIOMMUOps
https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11464577/

Regards,
Yi Liu




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