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[PULL 15/16] docs/system: document an example vexpress-a15 invocation

From: Alex Bennée
Subject: [PULL 15/16] docs/system: document an example vexpress-a15 invocation
Date: Mon, 8 Feb 2021 12:38:20 +0000

The wiki and the web are curiously absent of the right runes to boot a
vexpress model so I had to work from first principles to work it out.
Use the more modern -drive notation so alternative backends can be
used (unlike the hardwired -sd mode).

Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
Cc: Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@linaro.org>
Message-Id: <20210202134001.25738-15-alex.bennee@linaro.org>

diff --git a/docs/system/arm/vexpress.rst b/docs/system/arm/vexpress.rst
index 7f1bcbef07..3e3839e923 100644
--- a/docs/system/arm/vexpress.rst
+++ b/docs/system/arm/vexpress.rst
@@ -58,3 +58,31 @@ Other differences between the hardware and the QEMU model:
   ``vexpress-a15``, and have IRQs from 40 upwards. If a dtb is
   provided on the command line then QEMU will edit it to include
   suitable entries describing these transports for the guest.
+Booting a Linux kernel
+Building a current Linux kernel with ``multi_v7_defconfig`` should be
+enough to get something running. Nowadays an out-of-tree build is
+recommended (and also useful if you build a lot of different targets).
+In the following example $BLD points to the build directory and $SRC
+points to the root of the Linux source tree. You can drop $SRC if you
+are running from there.
+.. code-block:: bash
+  $ make O=$BLD -C $SRC ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- 
+  $ make O=$BLD -C $SRC ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf-
+By default you will want to boot your rootfs off the sdcard interface.
+Your rootfs will need to be padded to the right size. With a suitable
+DTB you could also add devices to the virtio-mmio bus.
+.. code-block:: bash
+  $ qemu-system-arm -cpu cortex-a15 -smp 4 -m 4096 \
+      -machine type=vexpress-a15 -serial mon:stdio \
+      -drive if=sd,driver=file,filename=armel-rootfs.ext4 \
+      -kernel zImage  \
+      -dtb vexpress-v2p-ca15-tc1.dtb \
+      -append "console=ttyAMA0 root=/dev/mmcblk0 ro"

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