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[PATCH v6 0/2] System Generation ID driver and VMGENID backend

From: Adrian Catangiu
Subject: [PATCH v6 0/2] System Generation ID driver and VMGENID backend
Date: Mon, 22 Feb 2021 11:41:24 +0200

This feature is aimed at virtualized or containerized environments
where VM or container snapshotting duplicates memory state, which is a
challenge for applications that want to generate unique data such as
request IDs, UUIDs, and cryptographic nonces.

The patch set introduces a mechanism that provides a userspace
interface for applications and libraries to be made aware of uniqueness
breaking events such as VM or container snapshotting, and allow them to
react and adapt to such events.

Solving the uniqueness problem strongly enough for cryptographic
purposes requires a mechanism which can deterministically reseed
userspace PRNGs with new entropy at restore time. This mechanism must
also support the high-throughput and low-latency use-cases that led
programmers to pick a userspace PRNG in the first place; be usable by
both application code and libraries; allow transparent retrofitting
behind existing popular PRNG interfaces without changing application
code; it must be efficient, especially on snapshot restore; and be
simple enough for wide adoption.

The first patch in the set implements a device driver which exposes a
the /dev/sysgenid char device to userspace. Its associated filesystem
operations operations can be used to build a system level safe workflow
that guest software can follow to protect itself from negative system
snapshot effects.

The second patch in the set adds a VmGenId driver which makes use of
the ACPI vmgenid device to drive SysGenId and to reseed kernel entropy
following VM snapshots.

**Please note**, SysGenID alone does not guarantee complete snapshot
safety to applications using it. A certain workflow needs to be
followed at the system level, in order to make the system
snapshot-resilient. Please see the "Snapshot Safety Prerequisites"
section in the included SysGenID documentation.


v5 -> v6:

  - sysgenid: watcher tracking disabled by default
  - sysgenid: add SYSGENID_SET_WATCHER_TRACKING ioctl to allow each
    file descriptor to set whether they should be tracked as watchers
  - rework all documentation to clearly capture all prerequisites for
    achieving snapshot safety when using the provided mechanism
  - sysgenid documentation: replace individual filesystem operations
    examples with a higher level example showcasing system-level
    snapshot-safe workflow

v4 -> v5:

  - sysgenid: generation changes are also exported through uevents
  - document sysgenid ioctl major/minor numbers

v3 -> v4:

  - split functionality in two separate kernel modules: 
    1. drivers/misc/sysgenid.c which provides the generic userspace
       interface and mechanisms
    2. drivers/virt/vmgenid.c as VMGENID acpi device driver that seeds
       kernel entropy and acts as a driving backend for the generic
  - rename /dev/vmgenid -> /dev/sysgenid
  - rename uapi header file vmgenid.h -> sysgenid.h
  - rename ioctls VMGENID_* -> SYSGENID_*
  - add ‘min_gen’ parameter to SYSGENID_FORCE_GEN_UPDATE ioctl
  - fix races in documentation examples

v2 -> v3:

  - separate the core driver logic and interface, from the ACPI device
    The ACPI vmgenid device is now one possible backend
  - fix issue when timeout=0 in VMGENID_WAIT_WATCHERS
  - add locking to avoid races between fs ops handlers and hw irq
    driven generation updates
  - change VMGENID_WAIT_WATCHERS ioctl so if the current caller is
    outdated or a generation change happens while waiting (thus making
    current caller outdated), the ioctl returns -EINTR to signal the
    user to handle event and retry. Fixes blocking on oneself
  - add VMGENID_FORCE_GEN_UPDATE ioctl conditioned by
    CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE capability, through which software can force
    generation bump

v1 -> v2:

  - expose to userspace a monotonically increasing u32 Vm Gen Counter
    instead of the hw VmGen UUID
  - since the hw/hypervisor-provided 128-bit UUID is not public
    anymore, add it to the kernel RNG as device randomness
  - insert driver page containing Vm Gen Counter in the user vma in
    the driver's mmap handler instead of using a fault handler
  - turn driver into a misc device driver to auto-create /dev/vmgenid
  - change ioctl arg to avoid leaking kernel structs to userspace
  - update documentation

Adrian Catangiu (2):
  drivers/misc: sysgenid: add system generation id driver
  drivers/virt: vmgenid: add vm generation id driver

 Documentation/misc-devices/sysgenid.rst            | 234 ++++++++++++++
 Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst |   1 +
 Documentation/virt/vmgenid.rst                     |  36 +++
 MAINTAINERS                                        |  15 +
 drivers/misc/Kconfig                               |  15 +
 drivers/misc/Makefile                              |   1 +
 drivers/misc/sysgenid.c                            | 338 +++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/virt/Kconfig                               |  13 +
 drivers/virt/Makefile                              |   1 +
 drivers/virt/vmgenid.c                             | 153 ++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/sysgenid.h                      |  18 ++
 11 files changed, 825 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/misc-devices/sysgenid.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/vmgenid.rst
 create mode 100644 drivers/misc/sysgenid.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/virt/vmgenid.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/sysgenid.h


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