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[PATCH v2 02/21] docs: collect the disparate device emulation docs into

From: Alex Bennée
Subject: [PATCH v2 02/21] docs: collect the disparate device emulation docs into one section
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 2021 19:20:37 +0100

While we are at it add a brief preamble that explains some of the
common concepts in QEMU's device emulation which will hopefully lead
to less confusing about our dizzying command line options.

Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
Message-Id: <20210714093638.21077-3-alex.bennee@linaro.org>
 docs/system/device-emulation.rst          | 78 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 docs/system/{ => devices}/ivshmem.rst     |  0
 docs/system/{ => devices}/net.rst         |  0
 docs/system/{ => devices}/nvme.rst        |  0
 docs/system/{ => devices}/usb.rst         |  0
 docs/system/{ => devices}/virtio-pmem.rst |  0
 docs/system/index.rst                     |  6 +-
 7 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 docs/system/device-emulation.rst
 rename docs/system/{ => devices}/ivshmem.rst (100%)
 rename docs/system/{ => devices}/net.rst (100%)
 rename docs/system/{ => devices}/nvme.rst (100%)
 rename docs/system/{ => devices}/usb.rst (100%)
 rename docs/system/{ => devices}/virtio-pmem.rst (100%)

diff --git a/docs/system/device-emulation.rst b/docs/system/device-emulation.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..3156eeac2d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/system/device-emulation.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+.. _device-emulation:
+Device Emulation
+QEMU supports the emulation of a large number of devices from
+peripherals such network cards and USB devices to integrated systems
+on a chip (SoCs). Configuration of these is often a source of
+confusion so it helps to have an understanding of some of the terms
+used to describes devices within QEMU.
+Common Terms
+Device Front End
+A device front end is how a device is presented to the guest. The type
+of device presented should match the hardware that the guest operating
+system is expecting to see. All devices can be specified with the
+``--device`` command line option. Running QEMU with the command line
+options ``--device help`` will list all devices it is aware of. Using
+the command line ``--device foo,help`` will list the additional
+configuration options available for that device.
+A front end is often paired with a back end, which describes how the
+host's resources are used in the emulation.
+Device Buses
+All devices exist on a BUS. Depending on the machine model you choose
+(``-M foo``) a number of buses will have been automatically created.
+In most cases the BUS a device is attached to can be inferred, for
+example PCI devices are generally automatically allocated to the next
+free slot of the PCI bus. However in complicated configurations you
+can explicitly specify what bus a device is attached to and its
+address. Some devices, for example a PCI SCSI host controller, will
+add an additional bus to the system that other devices can be attached
+Device Back End
+The back end describes how the data from the emulated device will be
+processed by QEMU. The configuration of the back end is usually
+specific to the class of device being emulated. For example serial
+devices will be backed by a ``--chardev`` which can redirect the data
+to a file or socket or some other system. Storage devices are handled
+by ``--blockdev`` which will specify how blocks are handled, for
+example being stored in a qcow2 file or accessing a raw host disk
+partition. Back ends can sometimes be stacked to implement features
+like snapshots.
+While the choice of back end is generally transparent to the guest
+there are cases where features will not be reported to the guest if
+the back end is unable to support it.
+Device Pass Through
+Device pass through is where the device is actually given access to
+the underlying hardware. This can be as simple as exposing a single
+USB device on the host system to the guest or dedicating a video card
+in a PCI slot to the exclusive use of the guest.
+Emulated Devices
+.. toctree::
+   :maxdepth: 1
+   devices/ivshmem.rst
+   devices/net.rst
+   devices/nvme.rst
+   devices/usb.rst
+   devices/virtio-pmem.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/ivshmem.rst b/docs/system/devices/ivshmem.rst
similarity index 100%
rename from docs/system/ivshmem.rst
rename to docs/system/devices/ivshmem.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/net.rst b/docs/system/devices/net.rst
similarity index 100%
rename from docs/system/net.rst
rename to docs/system/devices/net.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/nvme.rst b/docs/system/devices/nvme.rst
similarity index 100%
rename from docs/system/nvme.rst
rename to docs/system/devices/nvme.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/usb.rst b/docs/system/devices/usb.rst
similarity index 100%
rename from docs/system/usb.rst
rename to docs/system/devices/usb.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/virtio-pmem.rst b/docs/system/devices/virtio-pmem.rst
similarity index 100%
rename from docs/system/virtio-pmem.rst
rename to docs/system/devices/virtio-pmem.rst
diff --git a/docs/system/index.rst b/docs/system/index.rst
index 6092eb2d91..641d243ba4 100644
--- a/docs/system/index.rst
+++ b/docs/system/index.rst
@@ -16,15 +16,12 @@ Contents:
+   device-emulation
-   net
-   usb
-   nvme
-   ivshmem
@@ -35,7 +32,6 @@ Contents:
-   virtio-pmem

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