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[PATCH v3 2/5] migration: Make from_dst_file accesses thread-safe


From: Peter Xu
Subject: [PATCH v3 2/5] migration: Make from_dst_file accesses thread-safe
Date: Thu, 22 Jul 2021 13:58:38 -0400

Accessing from_dst_file is potentially racy in current code base like below:

  if (s->from_dst_file)
    do_something(s->from_dst_file);

Because from_dst_file can be reset right after the check in another
thread (rp_thread).  One example is migrate_fd_cancel().

Use the same qemu_file_lock to protect it too, just like to_dst_file.

When it's safe to access without lock, comment it.

There's one special reference in migration_thread() that can be replaced by
the newly introduced rp_thread_created flag.

Reported-by: Dr. David Alan Gilbert <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Dr. David Alan Gilbert <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
---
 migration/migration.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
 migration/migration.h |  8 +++++---
 migration/ram.c       |  1 +
 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/migration/migration.c b/migration/migration.c
index 21b94f75a3..b2c48b7e17 100644
--- a/migration/migration.c
+++ b/migration/migration.c
@@ -1879,9 +1879,11 @@ static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s)
     QEMUFile *f = migrate_get_current()->to_dst_file;
     trace_migrate_fd_cancel();
 
-    if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
-        /* shutdown the rp socket, so causing the rp thread to shutdown */
-        qemu_file_shutdown(s->rp_state.from_dst_file);
+    WITH_QEMU_LOCK_GUARD(&s->qemu_file_lock) {
+        if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
+            /* shutdown the rp socket, so causing the rp thread to shutdown */
+            qemu_file_shutdown(s->rp_state.from_dst_file);
+        }
     }
 
     do {
@@ -2686,6 +2688,23 @@ static int migrate_handle_rp_resume_ack(MigrationState 
*s, uint32_t value)
     return 0;
 }
 
+/* Release ms->rp_state.from_dst_file in a safe way */
+static void migration_release_from_dst_file(MigrationState *ms)
+{
+    QEMUFile *file;
+
+    WITH_QEMU_LOCK_GUARD(&s->qemu_file_lock) {
+        /*
+         * Reset the from_dst_file pointer first before releasing it, as we
+         * can't block within lock section
+         */
+        file = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
+        ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
+    }
+
+    qemu_fclose(file);
+}
+
 /*
  * Handles messages sent on the return path towards the source VM
  *
@@ -2827,11 +2846,13 @@ out:
              * Maybe there is something we can do: it looks like a
              * network down issue, and we pause for a recovery.
              */
-            qemu_fclose(rp);
-            ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
+            migration_release_from_dst_file(ms);
             rp = NULL;
             if (postcopy_pause_return_path_thread(ms)) {
-                /* Reload rp, reset the rest */
+                /*
+                 * Reload rp, reset the rest.  Referencing it is safe since
+                 * it's reset only by us above, or when migration completes
+                 */
                 rp = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
                 ms->rp_state.error = false;
                 goto retry;
@@ -2843,8 +2864,7 @@ out:
     }
 
     trace_source_return_path_thread_end();
-    ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
-    qemu_fclose(rp);
+    migration_release_from_dst_file(ms);
     rcu_unregister_thread();
     return NULL;
 }
@@ -2852,7 +2872,6 @@ out:
 static int open_return_path_on_source(MigrationState *ms,
                                       bool create_thread)
 {
-
     ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = qemu_file_get_return_path(ms->to_dst_file);
     if (!ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
         return -1;
@@ -3746,7 +3765,7 @@ static void *migration_thread(void *opaque)
      * If we opened the return path, we need to make sure dst has it
      * opened as well.
      */
-    if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
+    if (s->rp_state.rp_thread_created) {
         /* Now tell the dest that it should open its end so it can reply */
         qemu_savevm_send_open_return_path(s->to_dst_file);
 
diff --git a/migration/migration.h b/migration/migration.h
index c302879fad..7a5aa8c2fd 100644
--- a/migration/migration.h
+++ b/migration/migration.h
@@ -154,12 +154,13 @@ struct MigrationState {
     QemuThread thread;
     QEMUBH *vm_start_bh;
     QEMUBH *cleanup_bh;
+    /* Protected by qemu_file_lock */
     QEMUFile *to_dst_file;
     QIOChannelBuffer *bioc;
     /*
-     * Protects to_dst_file pointer.  We need to make sure we won't
-     * yield or hang during the critical section, since this lock will
-     * be used in OOB command handler.
+     * Protects to_dst_file/from_dst_file pointers.  We need to make sure we
+     * won't yield or hang during the critical section, since this lock will be
+     * used in OOB command handler.
      */
     QemuMutex qemu_file_lock;
 
@@ -192,6 +193,7 @@ struct MigrationState {
 
     /* State related to return path */
     struct {
+        /* Protected by qemu_file_lock */
         QEMUFile     *from_dst_file;
         QemuThread    rp_thread;
         bool          error;
diff --git a/migration/ram.c b/migration/ram.c
index b5fc454b2f..f728f5072f 100644
--- a/migration/ram.c
+++ b/migration/ram.c
@@ -4012,6 +4012,7 @@ static void ram_dirty_bitmap_reload_notify(MigrationState 
*s)
 int ram_dirty_bitmap_reload(MigrationState *s, RAMBlock *block)
 {
     int ret = -EINVAL;
+    /* from_dst_file is always valid because we're within rp_thread */
     QEMUFile *file = s->rp_state.from_dst_file;
     unsigned long *le_bitmap, nbits = block->used_length >> TARGET_PAGE_BITS;
     uint64_t local_size = DIV_ROUND_UP(nbits, 8);
-- 
2.31.1




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