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Re: [RFC PATCH 03/11] hw/intc: Add CLIC device

From: LIU Zhiwei
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 03/11] hw/intc: Add CLIC device
Date: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 15:15:51 +0800
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/78.11.0

On 2021/6/26 下午8:56, Frank Chang wrote:
On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 10:56 AM LIU Zhiwei <zhiwei_liu@c-sky.com> wrote:

On 6/13/21 6:10 PM, Frank Chang wrote:
LIU Zhiwei <zhiwei_liu@c-sky.com> 於 2021年4月9日 週五 下午3:57寫道:

+static void riscv_clic_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
+    RISCVCLICState *clic = RISCV_CLIC(dev);
+    size_t harts_x_sources = clic->num_harts * clic->num_sources;
+    int irqs, i;
+    if (clic->prv_s && clic->prv_u) {
+        irqs = 3 * harts_x_sources;
+    } else if (clic->prv_s || clic->prv_u) {
+        irqs = 2 * harts_x_sources;
+    } else {
+        irqs = harts_x_sources;
+    }
+    clic->clic_size = irqs * 4 + 0x1000;
+    memory_region_init_io(&clic->mmio, OBJECT(dev), &riscv_clic_ops, clic,
+                          TYPE_RISCV_CLIC, clic->clic_size);
+    clic->clicintip = g_new0(uint8_t, irqs);
+    clic->clicintie = g_new0(uint8_t, irqs);
+    clic->clicintattr = g_new0(uint8_t, irqs);
+    clic->clicintctl = g_new0(uint8_t, irqs);
+    clic->active_list = g_new0(CLICActiveInterrupt, irqs);
+    clic->active_count = g_new0(size_t, clic->num_harts);
+    clic->exccode = g_new0(uint32_t, clic->num_harts);
+    clic->cpu_irqs = g_new0(qemu_irq, clic->num_harts);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev), &clic->mmio);
+    /* Allocate irq through gpio, so that we can use qtest */
+    qdev_init_gpio_in(dev, riscv_clic_set_irq, irqs);
+    qdev_init_gpio_out(dev, clic->cpu_irqs, clic->num_harts);
+    for (i = 0; i < clic->num_harts; i++) {
+        RISCVCPU *cpu = RISCV_CPU(qemu_get_cpu(i));

As spec says:
  Smaller single-core systems might have only a CLIC,
  while multicore systems might have a CLIC per-core and a single shared PLIC.
  The PLIC xeip signals are treated as hart-local interrupt sources by the CLIC at each core.

It looks like it's possible to have one CLIC instance per core.

If you want to delivery an interrupt to one hart, you should encode the IRQ by the interrupt number
, the hart number and the interrupt target privilege, then set the irq.

I think how to calculate the hart number is the task of PLIC and it can make use of "hartid-base"
to calculate it.


Hi Zhiwei,

What I mean is if there are multiple CLIC instances, each per core (CLIC spec allows that).
If you try to bind CLIC with CPU index start from 0,
it will be impossible for CLIC instance to bind CPU from index other than 0.

For example, for 4 cores system, it's possible to have 4 CLIC instances:
  * CLIC 0 binds to CPU 0
  * CLIC 1 binds to CPU 1
  * CLIC 2 binds to CPU 2
  * CLIC 3 binds to CPU 3

and that's why I said it's possible to pass an extra "hartid-base" just like PLIC.
I know most of hardid are calculated by the requesing address, so most hartid usages should be fine.
But I saw two places using qemu_get_cpu(),
which may cause the problem for the scenario I describe above:
i.e. riscv_clic_next_interrupt() and riscv_clic_realize() as my original reply.

So what's the problem here?

Currently all cores share the same CLIC instance. Do you want to give each core  a CLIC instance?


Frank Chang

However if you try to bind CPU reference start from index i = 0.
It's not possible for each per-core CLIC to bind their own CPU instance in multicore system
as they have to bind from CPU 0.

I'm not sure if we add a new "hartid-base" property just like what SiFive PLIC is
implemented would be a good idea or not.

Frank Chang
+        qemu_irq irq = qemu_allocate_irq(riscv_clic_cpu_irq_handler,
+                                         &cpu->env, 1);
+        qdev_connect_gpio_out(dev, i, irq);
+        cpu->env.clic = clic;
+    }

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