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[PATCH v2 03/11] target/riscv: allow users to actually write the MISA CS


From: Daniel Henrique Barboza
Subject: [PATCH v2 03/11] target/riscv: allow users to actually write the MISA CSR
Date: Tue, 14 Feb 2023 16:23:48 -0300

At this moment, and apparently since ever, we have no way of enabling
RISCV_FEATURE_MISA. This means that all the code from write_misa(), all
the nuts and bolts that handles how to properly write this CSR, has
always been a no-op as well because write_misa() will always exit
earlier.

This seems to be benign in the majority of cases. Booting an Ubuntu
'virt' guest and logging all the calls to 'write_misa' shows that no
writes to MISA CSR was attempted. Writing MISA, i.e. enabling/disabling
RISC-V extensions after the machine is powered on, seems to be a niche
use.

There is a good chance that the code in write_misa() hasn't been
properly tested. Allowing users to write MISA can open the floodgates of
new breeds of bugs. We could instead remove most (if not all) of
write_misa() since it's never used. Well, as a hardware emulator,
dealing with crashes because a register write went wrong is what we're
here for.

Create a 'misa-w' CPU property to allow users to choose whether writes
to MISA should be allowed. The default is set to 'false' for all RISC-V
machines to keep compatibility with what we┬┤ve been doing so far.

Read cpu->cfg.misa_w directly in write_misa(), instead of executing
riscv_set_feature(RISCV_FEATURE_MISA) in riscv_cpu_realize(), that would
simply reflect the cpu->cfg.misa_w bool value in 'env->features' and
require a riscv_feature() call to read it back.

Reviewed-by: Weiwei Li <liweiwei@iscas.ac.cn>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Henrique Barboza <dbarboza@ventanamicro.com>
---
 target/riscv/cpu.c | 1 +
 target/riscv/cpu.h | 1 +
 target/riscv/csr.c | 2 +-
 3 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/target/riscv/cpu.c b/target/riscv/cpu.c
index 93b52b826c..69fb9e123f 100644
--- a/target/riscv/cpu.c
+++ b/target/riscv/cpu.c
@@ -1197,6 +1197,7 @@ static void register_cpu_props(DeviceState *dev)
 
 static Property riscv_cpu_properties[] = {
     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("debug", RISCVCPU, cfg.debug, true),
+    DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("misa-w", RISCVCPU, cfg.misa_w, false),
 
     DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("mvendorid", RISCVCPU, cfg.mvendorid, 0),
     DEFINE_PROP_UINT64("marchid", RISCVCPU, cfg.marchid, RISCV_CPU_MARCHID),
diff --git a/target/riscv/cpu.h b/target/riscv/cpu.h
index 5e4d056772..fe572b83e9 100644
--- a/target/riscv/cpu.h
+++ b/target/riscv/cpu.h
@@ -498,6 +498,7 @@ struct RISCVCPUConfig {
     bool pmp;
     bool epmp;
     bool debug;
+    bool misa_w;
 
     bool short_isa_string;
 };
diff --git a/target/riscv/csr.c b/target/riscv/csr.c
index e149b453da..e949e6248a 100644
--- a/target/riscv/csr.c
+++ b/target/riscv/csr.c
@@ -1329,7 +1329,7 @@ static RISCVException read_misa(CPURISCVState *env, int 
csrno,
 static RISCVException write_misa(CPURISCVState *env, int csrno,
                                  target_ulong val)
 {
-    if (!riscv_feature(env, RISCV_FEATURE_MISA)) {
+    if (!riscv_cpu_cfg(env).misa_w) {
         /* drop write to misa */
         return RISCV_EXCP_NONE;
     }
-- 
2.39.1




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