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[PATCH v10 9/9] docs/s390x: document s390x cpu topology

From: Pierre Morel
Subject: [PATCH v10 9/9] docs/s390x: document s390x cpu topology
Date: Wed, 12 Oct 2022 18:21:07 +0200

Add some basic examples for the definition of cpu topology
in s390x.

Signed-off-by: Pierre Morel <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>
 docs/system/s390x/cpu_topology.rst | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 80 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 docs/system/s390x/cpu_topology.rst

diff --git a/docs/system/s390x/cpu_topology.rst 
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..1dcd24cbbc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/system/s390x/cpu_topology.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,80 @@
+CPU Topology on s390x
+CPU Topology on S390x provides up to 5 levels of topology containers:
+nodes, drawers, books, sockets and CPUs.
+While the higher level containers, Containers Topology List Entries,
+(Containers TLE) define a tree hierarchy, the lowest level of topology
+definition, the CPU Topology List Entry (CPU TLE), provides the placement
+of the CPUs inside the parent container.
+Currently QEMU CPU topology uses a single level of container: the sockets.
+For backward compatibility, threads can be declared on the ``-smp`` command
+line. They will be seen as CPUs by the guest as long as multithreading
+is not really supported by QEMU for S390.
+To use CPU Topology a Linux QEMU/KVM machine providing the CPU Topology 
+(STFLE bit 11) is required.
+However, since this facility has been enabled by default in an early version
+of QEMU, we use a capability, ``KVM_CAP_S390_CPU_TOPOLOGY``, to notify KVM
+QEMU use of the CPU Topology.
+Indicating the CPU topology to the Virtual Machine
+The CPU Topology, can be specified on the QEMU command line
+with the ``-smp`` or the ``-device`` qemu command arguments.
+Like in :
+.. code-block:: sh
+    -smp cpus=5,sockets=8,cores=2,threads=2,maxcpus=32
+    -device host-s390x-cpu,core-id=14
+New CPUs can be plugged using the device_add hmp command like in:
+.. code-block:: sh
+   (qemu) device_add host-s390x-cpu,core-id=9
+The core-id defines the placement of the core in the topology by
+starting with core 0 in socket 0 up to maxcpus.
+In the example above:
+* There are 5 cpus provided to the guest with the ``-smp`` command line
+  They will take the core-ids 0,1,2,3,4
+  As we have 2 threads in 2 cores in a socket, we have 4 cpus provided
+  to the guest in socket 0, with core-ids 0,1,2,3.
+  The last cpu, with core-id 4, will be on socket 1.
+* the core with ID 14 provided by the ``-device`` command line will
+  be placed in socket 3, with core-id 14
+* the core with ID 9 provided by the ``device_add`` qmp command will
+  be placed in socket 2, with core-id 9
+Note that the core ID is machine wide and the CPU TLE masks provided
+by the STSI instruction will be:
+* in socket 0: 0xf0000000 (core id 0,1,2,3)
+* in socket 1: 0x00400000 (core id 9)
+* in socket 1: 0x00020000 (core id 14)
+For virtio-ccw machines older than s390-virtio-ccw-7.3, CPU Topoogy is
+CPU Topoogy is by default enabled for s390-virtio-ccw-7.3 and newer machines.
+Disabling CPU topology can be done by setting the global option
+``topology-disable`` to ``on`` like in:
+.. code-block:: sh
+   -machine s390-ccw-virtio-7.3,accel=kvm,topology-disable=on

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