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trans-coord/gnun/philosophy free-sw.html

From: Yavor Doganov
Subject: trans-coord/gnun/philosophy free-sw.html
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2012 19:10:23 +0000

CVSROOT:        /sources/trans-coord
Module name:    trans-coord
Changes by:     Yavor Doganov <yavor>   12/02/21 19:10:23

Modified files:
        gnun/philosophy: free-sw.html 

Log message:
        Automatic sync from the master www repository.


Index: free-sw.html
RCS file: /sources/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/philosophy/free-sw.html,v
retrieving revision 1.35
retrieving revision 1.36
diff -u -b -r1.35 -r1.36
--- free-sw.html        25 Jan 2012 19:10:16 -0000      1.35
+++ free-sw.html        21 Feb 2012 19:10:22 -0000      1.36
@@ -14,24 +14,41 @@
 <h3>The Free Software Definition</h3>
-We maintain this free software definition to show clearly what must be
-true about a particular software program for it to be considered free
-software.  From time to time we revise this definition to clarify it.
-If you would like to review the changes we've made, please see
-the <a href="#History">History section</a> below for more information.
+The free software definition presents the criteria for whether a
+particular software program qualifies as free software.  From time to
+time we revise this definition, to clarify it or to resolve questions
+about subtle issues.  See the <a href="#History">History section</a>
+below for a list of changes that affect the definition of free
-&ldquo;Free software&rdquo; is a matter of liberty, not price.  To understand
-the concept, you should think of &ldquo;free&rdquo; as in &ldquo;free 
-not as in &ldquo;free beer&rdquo;.
+&ldquo;Free software&rdquo; means software that respects users'
+freedom and community.  Roughly, the users have the freedom to run,
+copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.  With these
+freedoms, the users (both individually and collectively) control the
+program and what it does for them.
-Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute,
-study, change and improve the software.  More precisely, it means that the
-program's users have the four essential freedoms:
+When users don't control the program, the program controls the users.
+The developer controls the program, and through it controls the users.
+This nonfree or &ldquo;proprietary&rdquo; program is therefore an
+instrument of unjust power.
+Thus, &ldquo;free software&rdquo; is a matter of liberty, not price.
+To understand the concept, you should think of &ldquo;free&rdquo; as
+in &ldquo;free speech,&rdquo; not as in &ldquo;free beer&rdquo;.
+A program is free software if the program's users have the
+four essential freedoms:
@@ -129,9 +146,9 @@
 In order for these freedoms to be real, they must be permanent and
 irrevocable as long as you do nothing wrong; if the developer of the
-software has the power to revoke the license, or retroactively change
-its terms, without your doing anything wrong to give cause, the
-software is not free.
+software has the power to revoke the license, or retroactively add
+restrictions to its terms, without your doing anything wrong to give
+cause, the software is not free.
@@ -173,6 +190,15 @@
+A special issue arises when a license requires changing the name by
+which the program will be invoked from other programs.  That
+effectively hampers you from releasing your changed version so that it
+can replace the original when invoked by those other programs.  This
+sort of requirement is acceptable only if there's a suitable aliasing
+facility that allows you to specify the original program's name as an
+alias for the modified version.</p>
 Rules that &ldquo;if you make your version available in this way, you
 must make it available in that way also&rdquo; can be acceptable too,
 on the same condition.  An example of such an acceptable rule is one
@@ -308,13 +334,18 @@
 <h2 id="History">History</h2>
-<p>From time to time we revise this Free Software Definition to
-clarify it.  Here we provide a list of those modifications, along with
-links to illustrate exactly what changed, so that others can review
-them if they like.</p>
+<p>From time to time we revise this Free Software Definition.  Here is
+the list of changes, along with links to show exactly what was
+1.111</a>: Clarify 1.77 by saying that only
+retroactive <em>restrictions</em> are unacceptable.  The copyright
+holders can always grant additional <em>permission</em> for use of the
+work by releasing the work in another way in parallel.</li>
 1.105</a>: Reflect, in the brief statement of freedom 1, the point
 (already stated in version 1.80) that it includes really using your modified
@@ -392,11 +423,11 @@
-<p>There are gaps in the version numbers because there are many other
-changes that do not affect the substance of the definition at all.
-Instead, they fix links, add translations, and so on.  If you would
-like to review the complete list of changes, you can do so on
-our <a 
+<p>There are gaps in the version numbers shown above because there are
+other changes in this page that do not affect the definition as such.
+These changes are in other parts of the page.  You can review the
+complete list of changes to the page through
+the <a 
@@ -434,7 +465,7 @@
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2012/01/25 19:10:16 $
+$Date: 2012/02/21 19:10:22 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->

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