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www/philosophy open-source-misses-the-point.html


From: Therese Godefroy
Subject: www/philosophy open-source-misses-the-point.html
Date: Sun, 11 Jul 2021 04:54:38 -0400 (EDT)

CVSROOT:        /webcvs/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     Therese Godefroy <th_g> 21/07/11 04:54:38

Modified files:
        philosophy     : open-source-misses-the-point.html 

Log message:
        Add breadcrumb, update to boilerplate 1.96, reduce line width, http > 
https.

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.97&r2=1.98

Patches:
Index: open-source-misses-the-point.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /webcvs/www/www/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html,v
retrieving revision 1.97
retrieving revision 1.98
diff -u -b -r1.97 -r1.98
--- open-source-misses-the-point.html   26 Apr 2021 11:55:23 -0000      1.97
+++ open-source-misses-the-point.html   11 Jul 2021 08:54:37 -0000      1.98
@@ -1,16 +1,22 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
-<!-- Parent-Version: 1.90 -->
+<!-- Parent-Version: 1.96 -->
+<!-- This page is derived from /server/standards/boilerplate.html -->
+<!--#set var="TAGS" value="aboutfs" -->
+<!--#set var="DISABLE_TOP_ADDENDUM" value="yes" -->
 <title>Why Open Source Misses the Point of Free Software - GNU Project - 
 Free Software Foundation</title>
 <!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/open-source-misses-the-point.translist" 
-->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
-<h2>Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software</h2>
+<!--#include virtual="/philosophy/ph-breadcrumb.html" -->
+<!--GNUN: OUT-OF-DATE NOTICE-->
+<!--#include virtual="/server/top-addendum.html" -->
+<div class="reduced-width">
+<h2>Why Open Source Misses the Point of Free Software</h2>
 
 <address class="byline">by Richard Stallman</address>
 
 <div class="article">
-
-<blockquote class="comment"><p>
+<div class="important"><p>
 The terms &ldquo;free software&rdquo; and &ldquo;open
 source&rdquo; stand for almost the same range of programs.  However,
 they say deeply different things about those programs, based on
@@ -19,7 +25,7 @@
 By contrast, the open source idea values mainly practical advantage
 and does not campaign for principles.  This is why we do not agree
 with open source, and do not use that term.
-</p></blockquote>
+</p></div>
 
 <p>When we call software &ldquo;free,&rdquo; we mean that it respects
 the <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">users' essential freedoms</a>:
@@ -74,7 +80,7 @@
 of open source have come to it since then, and they make the same
 association.  Most discussion of &ldquo;open source&rdquo; pays no
 attention to right and wrong, only to popularity and success; here's
-a <a 
href="http://www.linuxinsider.com/story/Open-Source-Is-Woven-Into-the-Latest-Hottest-Trends-78937.html";>
+a <a 
href="https://linuxinsider.com/story/Open-Source-Is-Woven-Into-the-Latest-Hottest-Trends-78937.html";>
 typical example</a>.  A minority of supporters of open source do
 nowadays say freedom is part of the issue, but they are not very visible
 among the many that don't.</p>
@@ -200,8 +206,8 @@
 agreements vary as to what one is allowed to do with that
 code.&rdquo;</p>
 
-<p>The <i>New York
-Times</i> <a 
href="http://www.nytimes.com/external/gigaom/2009/02/07/07gigaom-the-brave-new-world-of-open-source-game-design-37415.html";>
+<p>The <cite>New York Times</cite> <a
+href="https://www.nytimes.com/external/gigaom/2009/02/07/07gigaom-the-brave-new-world-of-open-source-game-design-37415.html";>
 ran an article that stretched the meaning of the term</a> to refer to
 user beta testing&mdash;letting a few users try an early version and
 give confidential feedback&mdash;which proprietary software developers
@@ -209,7 +215,7 @@
 
 <p>The term has even been stretched to include designs for equipment
 that
-are <a 
href="http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/aug/27/texas-teenager-water-purifier-toxic-e-waste-pollution";>published
+are <a 
href="https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/aug/27/texas-teenager-water-purifier-toxic-e-waste-pollution";>published
 without a patent</a>.  Patent-free equipment designs can be laudable
 contributions to society, but the term &ldquo;source code&rdquo; does
 not pertain to them.</p>
@@ -242,7 +248,7 @@
 people to participate.  They stretch the term so far that it only
 means &ldquo;participatory&rdquo; or &ldquo;transparent&rdquo;, or
 less than that.  At worst, it
-has <a 
href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/17/opinion/sunday/morozov-open-and-closed.html";>
+has <a 
href="https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/17/opinion/sunday/morozov-open-and-closed.html";>
 become a vacuous buzzword</a>.</p>
 
 <h3>Different Values Can Lead to Similar Conclusions&mdash;but Not Always</h3>
@@ -305,7 +311,7 @@
 individuals to use is increasingly designed specifically to restrict
 them.  This malicious feature is known as Digital Restrictions
 Management (DRM) (see <a
-href="http://defectivebydesign.org/";>DefectiveByDesign.org</a>) and is
+href="https://defectivebydesign.org";>DefectiveByDesign.org</a>) and is
 the antithesis in spirit of the freedom that free software aims
 to provide.  And not just in spirit: since the goal of DRM is to
 trample your freedom, DRM developers try to make it hard, impossible,
@@ -428,10 +434,10 @@
 free software and it gives you freedom!&rdquo;&mdash;more and louder
 than ever.  Every time you say &ldquo;free software&rdquo; rather than
 &ldquo;open source,&rdquo; you help our cause.</p>
-
+<div class="column-limit"></div>
 </div>
 
-<h4>Note</h4>
+<h3 class="footnote">Note</h3>
 
 <!-- The article is incomplete (#793776) as of 21st January 2013.
 <p>
@@ -441,18 +447,17 @@
 --> 
 <p>
 Lakhani and Wolf's <a 
-href="http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/sloan-school-of-management/15-352-managing-innovation-emerging-trends-spring-2005/readings/lakhaniwolf.pdf";>
+href="https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/sloan-school-of-management/15-352-managing-innovation-emerging-trends-spring-2005/readings/lakhaniwolf.pdf";>
 paper on the motivation of free software developers</a> says that a 
 considerable fraction are motivated by the view that software should be 
 free. This is despite the fact that they surveyed the developers on 
 SourceForge, a site that does not support the view that this is an ethical 
 issue.</p>
+</div>
 
 </div><!-- for id="content", starts in the include above -->
-
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
-
-<div id="footer">
+<div id="footer" role="contentinfo">
 <div class="unprintable">
 
 <p>Please send general FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to <a
@@ -470,18 +475,18 @@
         to <a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org";>
         &lt;web-translators@gnu.org&gt;</a>.</p>
 
-        <p>For information on coordinating and submitting translations of
+        <p>For information on coordinating and contributing translations of
         our web pages, see <a
         href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
         README</a>. -->
 
 Please see the <a
 href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
-README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting translations
+README</a> for information on coordinating and contributing translations
 of this article.</p>
 </div>
 
-<p>Copyright &copy; 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2019, 2020, 2021 Richard 
Stallman</p>
+<p>Copyright &copy; 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2019-2021 Richard 
Stallman</p>
 
 <p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
 href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/";>Creative
@@ -491,10 +496,10 @@
 
 <p class="unprintable">Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2021/04/26 11:55:23 $
+$Date: 2021/07/11 08:54:37 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
-</div>
+</div><!-- for class="inner", starts in the banner include -->
 </body>
 </html>



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