On 09/08/2010 03:23 AM, Avi Kivity wrote:
On 09/08/2010 01:27 AM, Anthony Liguori wrote:
FWIW, L2s are 256K at the moment and with a two level table, it can
support 5PB of data.
I clearly suck at basic math today. The image supports 64TB today.
Dropping to 128K tables would reduce it to 16TB and 64k tables would
Maybe we should do three levels then. Some users are bound to
complain about 64TB.
That's just the default size. The table size and cluster sizes are
configurable. Without changing the cluster size, the image can support
up to 1PB.
BTW, I don't think your checksumming idea is sound. If you store a
64-bit checksum along side each point, it becomes necessary to update
the parent pointer every time the table changes. This introduces an
ordering requirement which means you need to sync() the file every
time you update and L2 entry.
Even worse, if the crash happens between an L2 update and an L1
checksum update, the entire cluster goes away. You really want
allocate-on-write for this.
Today, we only need to sync() when we first allocate an L2 entry
(because their locations never change). From a performance
perspective, it's the difference between an fsync() every 64k vs.
Yup. From a correctness perspective, it's the difference between a
corrupted filesystem on almost every crash and a corrupted filesystem
in some very rare cases.
I'm not sure I understand you're corruption comment. Are you claiming
that without checksumming, you'll often get corruption or are you
claiming that without checksums, if you don't sync metadata updates
you'll get corruption?
qed is very careful about ensuring that we don't need to do syncs and we
don't get corruption because of data loss. I don't necessarily buy your
Plus, doesn't btrfs do block level checksumming? IOW, if you run a
workload where you care about this level of data integrity
validation, if you did btrfs + qed, you would be fine.
Or just btrfs by itself (use btrfs for snapshots and base images, use
qemu-img convert for shipping).
Since the majority of file systems don't do metadata checksumming,
it's not obvious to me that we should be.
The logic is that as data sizes increase, the probablity of error
I think one of the critical flaws in qcow2 was trying to invent a
better filesystem within qemu instead of just sticking to a very
simple and obviously correct format and letting the FS folks do the
really fancy stuff.
Well, if we introduce a minimal format, we need to make sure it isn't
I'm still not sold on the idea. What we're doing now is pushing the
qcow2 complexity to users. We don't have to worry about refcounts
now, but users have to worry whether they're the machine they're
copying the image to supports qed or not.
The performance problems with qcow2 are solvable. If we preallocate
clusters, the performance characteristics become essentially the same
By creating two code paths within qcow2. It's not just the reference
counts, it's the lack of guaranteed alignment, compression, and some of
the other poor decisions in the format.