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bug#11860: 24.1; Arabic - Harakat (diacritics, short vowels) don't appea


From: Kenichi Handa
Subject: bug#11860: 24.1; Arabic - Harakat (diacritics, short vowels) don't appear
Date: Tue, 21 Aug 2012 22:16:51 +0900

In article <address@hidden>, Eli Zaretskii <address@hidden> writes:

> > one possibility is that Emacs's rendering engine (xdisp.c) expects
> > glyphs in a glyph-string are rendered in that order from left to
> > right, but the returned glyph-string on Windows should be rendered
> > in reverse order.

> You may be right, but it's hard to be sure.  At least the advances[]
> array returned by ScriptPlace seems to point into that direction.
> Here's what I see in the debugger:

>   Breakpoint 8, uniscribe_shape (lgstring=55041941) at w32uniscribe.c:373
>   373                       LGLYPH_SET_CHAR (lglyph, chars[items[i].iCharPos
[...]
>   (gdb) p address@hidden
>   $5 = {8, 0}
>   (gdb) p address@hidden
>   $6 = {{
>       du = 0,
>       dv = 0
>     }, {
>       du = 1,
>       dv = -2
>     }}
>   (gdb) p address@hidden
>   $7 = L"\x639\x652"

> (Note that the fRTL member of items[0].a is set to TRUE.)  My
> understanding of the advances[] array is that it gives, for each glyph
> in the cluster, the number of pixels to advance to the right after
> drawing the glyph.  So the fact that it is 8 for the first (base)
> character and zero for the second one tells me that this grapheme
> cluster is supposed to be rendered in reverse order: first the Sukun,
> then Ayin at the same location, and then advance by 8 pixels for the
> next character.  Is this correct?

I think so.

> If it is correct, then how come the glyphs shown on GNU/Linux also
> have non-zero value of xadvance:

>   [0 1 1593 969 8 2 8 4 4 nil]
>   [0 1 1618 760 0 -6 -3 8 -11 [-9 2 0]]

Emacs draws the first glyph at its base point and advance
the base point 8 pixels to the right (because the WIDTH of
the first glyph is 8).  Then Emacs draw the second glyph at
9 pixels left and 2 pixels up from the base point.  So, the
second glyph is drawn above the first glyph.

> > For instance, in the above case, we may have to render glyphs in
> > this order (diacritical mark first):
> > 
> >   [0 1 1593 760 0 3 6 12 4 [1 -2 0]]
> >   [0 1 1593 969 8 1 8 12 4 nil]

> I tried the naive patch below, but it didn't quite work.  It seems
> like those changes somehow prevented character composition.  Perhaps
> Handa-san could give me some guidance here.

Did your patch produced the above GSTRING?

> > I think the further debugging must be done by those who
> > knows uniscribe, w32font.c, and w32uniscribe.c.

> It's very hard, given that glyph-string documentation leaves a lot to
> be desired, and the way its various components are used during drawing
> is also left without clear documentation.  E.g., this:

>     FROM-IDX and TO-IDX are used internally and should not be touched.

> is not really helpful for explaining what are FROM-IDX and TO-IDX, so
> how can I figure out whether the code you asked about is doing TRT?

The are indices to the original character sequence of that
GSTRING.  If a glyph has N and M values for them, that glyph
corresponds to the Nth to Mth (inclusive) characters.

> And without knowing what is each component of glyph-string used for
> during drawing, how can I compare the values produced by Uniscribe
> APIs with what glyph-string needs?  If someone could explain all those
> things, it would make debugging possible.  Otherwise, I'm just
> randomly poking around...

Please see the function
x_draw_composite_glyph_string_foreground (in xterm.c and
w32term.c).  It shows which component of GSTRING is used for
drawing (the last branch of "iff" condition).

---
Kenichi Handa
address@hidden





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