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bug#11860: 24.1; Arabic - Harakat (diacritics, short vowels) don't appea

From: Steffan
Subject: bug#11860: 24.1; Arabic - Harakat (diacritics, short vowels) don't appear
Date: Wed, 22 Aug 2012 23:40:55 +0200

>> From: Kenichi Handa <address@hidden>
>> Cc: address@hidden, address@hidden, address@hidden
>> Date: Tue, 21 Aug 2012 22:16:51 +0900
>>> (Note that the fRTL member of items[0].a is set to TRUE.) My
>>> understanding of the advances[] array is that it gives, for each glyph
>>> in the cluster, the number of pixels to advance to the right after
>>> drawing the glyph. So the fact that it is 8 for the first (base)
>>> character and zero for the second one tells me that this grapheme
>>> cluster is supposed to be rendered in reverse order: first the Sukun,
>>> then Ayin at the same location, and then advance by 8 pixels for the
>>> next character. Is this correct?
>> I think so.
> Well, it turns out that the truth is slightly different. When the
> Uniscribe shaper is handed a chunk of RTL text with the fLogicalOrder
> flag set to TRUE, it prepares the glyphs in the logical order, but
> assumes that they will be laid out in reverse. In this reverse order,
> the width advance value is applied _before_ drawing the glyph, and
> positive width advance values move the pen to the _left_. I found
> this important information on some Web page, which I unfortunately can
> no longer find.
> In addition, it looks like in this "reverse" mode, the X-OFFSET value
> is also interpreted in the reverse direction, so its sign must be
> flipped for glyphs in RTL grapheme clusters.
> Armed with this knowledge, with the information you posted, and after
> studying the drawing code in w32term.c, I made some semi-empirical
> changes in uniscribe_shape that produce good results both with Arabic
> and with Hebrew. In a nutshell, I adjusted the X-OFFSET values for
> the width of the base-character glyph. The results are committed as
> trunk revision 109726; as I only tested the modification on a small
> sample of composed texts, please see if you can run more tests with as
> complex compositions as you can find.
>>> If it is correct, then how come the glyphs shown on GNU/Linux also
>>> have non-zero value of xadvance:
>>> [0 1 1593 969 8 2 8 4 4 nil]
>>> [0 1 1618 760 0 -6 -3 8 -11 [-9 2 0]]
>> Emacs draws the first glyph at its base point and advance
>> the base point 8 pixels to the right (because the WIDTH of
>> the first glyph is 8). Then Emacs draw the second glyph at
>> 9 pixels left and 2 pixels up from the base point. So, the
>> second glyph is drawn above the first glyph.
> I see. This was somewhat counter-intuitive (why move first and then
> correct that by negative offsets, instead of not moving until all the
> glyphs in the cluster are drawn?).
>>>> For instance, in the above case, we may have to render glyphs in
>>>> this order (diacritical mark first):
>>>> [0 1 1593 760 0 3 6 12 4 [1 -2 0]]
>>>> [0 1 1593 969 8 1 8 12 4 nil]
>>> I tried the naive patch below, but it didn't quite work. It seems
>>> like those changes somehow prevented character composition. Perhaps
>>> Handa-san could give me some guidance here.
>> Did your patch produced the above GSTRING?
> Yes. But I think swapping the glyphs in the cluster was not the right
> idea, because it violates the assumptions in w32font_draw, the drawing
> routine called by the font back-end. That routine expects the first
> glyph to be for the base character of the composition.
>> Please see the function
>> x_draw_composite_glyph_string_foreground (in xterm.c and
>> w32term.c). It shows which component of GSTRING is used for
>> drawing (the last branch of "iff" condition).
> Yes, that helped, thanks.
> Steffan, can you try the latest trunk code, and see if there are any
> problems left?


Sorry, I miss this. I don't know where I can get this trunk code (r109726?). 
At http://alpha.gnu.org/gnu/emacs/windows/?C=M;O=A
the latest version is this:
 emacs-20120813-r109584-bin-i386.zip.sig     13-Aug-2012 12:32  287


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