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bug#35383: 27.0.50; Complete process of decoding Gnus group names

From: Katsumi Yamaoka
Subject: bug#35383: 27.0.50; Complete process of decoding Gnus group names
Date: Fri, 26 Apr 2019 14:21:11 +0900
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/27.0.50 (x86_64-pc-cygwin)

On Thu, 25 Apr 2019 09:10:13 -0700, Eric Abrahamsen wrote:
> On 04/25/19 08:48 AM, Katsumi Yamaoka wrote:

>> Warning: Warning - invalid active:

>> for the nnnil method, that is my `gnus-select-method'.  Here are
>> the contents of ~/News/agent/nnnil/agent.lib/active:

>> --8<---------------cut here---------------start------------->8---
>> ;; -*- encoding: utf-8-emacs; -*-

>> --8<---------------cut here---------------end--------------->8---

>> Why the warning is issued is to run (read (current-buffer)) at
>> the beginning of the contents.  This is actually an error but
>> `condition-case' conceals it.

> Hmm, this is all done in a temp buffer,

Yes.  When launching Gnus, the whole contents of the active file
are read into the " *nntpd*" buffer, copied into the temp buffer,
and parsed (see the flow summary attatched in the bottom of this
message for how Gnus behaves when launching).

> with
> `insert-buffer-substring' -- I wonder if the encoding cookie will even
> be honored in this case?

No, it's useless of course.  Moreover, --- I changed my idea
(patching the `gnus-active-to-gnus-format' function so as to
ignore the coding cookie) --- I come to think that the active
file should not contain the ones other than the active infos.
Gnus indeed ignores the coding cookie when parsing active, but
it is due to just a lucky side effect of `read':

(read ";; coding cookie\n\nactive_info\n") => active_info

I.e., `read' ignores comments in the ELisp style and whitespace.
However, in the first place, the active file is neither an ELisp
file nor there is no agreement for a comment style in it.  So, I
think it is better to bind `coding-system-for-(read|write)' while
reading and writing the active file rather than adding a coding
cookie.  Though binding `coding-system-for-(read|write)' would
probably be unnecessary since `gnus-write-active-file' binds
`coding-system-for-write' to `nnmail-active-file-coding-system',
and `gnus-agent-save-active' binds `coding-system-for-read' to
`gnus-agent-file-coding-system' that defaults to `utf-8-emacs'.
Therefore, adding a coding cookie was originally unnecessary,
wasn't it?

Here are how Gnus reads the active file for the nnnil method
observed in my system.  Note that `gnus-agent' is t (the default).

(gnus 1)
  (gnus-setup-news nil t nil)
    (gnus-get-unread-articles 1 nil)
      (require 'gnus-agent)
      (with-current-buffer " *nntpd*"
        (gnus-read-active-file-1 '(nnnil) nil)
          (gnus-active-to-gnus-format '(nnnil) hashtb nil t)
            (gnus-agent-save-active '(nnil))
              (gnus-agent-write-active "active-file" hashtb)
                ;; Add a coding cookie.
                (gnus-write-active-file "active-file" hashtb nil)
              (nnheader-insert-file-contents "active-file")
            (_copy to_ " *nntpd*")
            (_parse it_)


I'll be not so active in the net for about ten days because of
the national holidays assoc with the era name changing in Japan.

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