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Re: [Qemu-devel] [qemu-devel][RFC] Enable usb with default options

From: Anthony Liguori
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [qemu-devel][RFC] Enable usb with default options
Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2012 17:19:21 +0800
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:11.0) Gecko/20120329 Thunderbird/11.0.1

On 06/07/2012 04:07 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
Anthony Liguori<address@hidden>  writes:

On 06/07/2012 05:13 AM, Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:
On Wed, 2012-06-06 at 13:42 +0800, Anthony Liguori wrote:
On 06/06/2012 11:31 AM, Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:
On Wed, 2012-06-06 at 10:52 +0800, li zhang wrote:
Hi Anthony,

Any comment on this?

Allright, this is all quite confusing...

He's what I think should happen:

When no option is passed -at-all-, we should have vga std and usb ohci +
usb mouse + usb ps2.

When -nodefault is passed, we should have none of the above.

-nodefault is a pretty ugly hack.  I don't think there's any good reason to
involve -nodefault into this discussion.

Well, it's pretty fundamental to how libvirt does thing afaik...

Take pseries, by "default" today it has a vscsi, a vterm etc.... but
with -nodefault, none of this so libvirt can create them manually.

You misunderstand what I'm saying.

-nodefault is a dumb option.  It's semantics are poorly defined
because it depends on machine.  Further complicating those semantics
by adding more magic for -M spapr just makes the situation worse.

Without -nodefaults, you get the machine the developers think most
people want.  Example: you may get a default serial device.  Whether you
get one and which one you get depends on the machine.

With -nodefaults, you get a variant of the same machine with those
optional devices omitted the developers think somebody might want to
suppress or define himself.

Both are "defined" the same way: you get what you get, and the
developers promise not to change it too much.

For some kinds of devices, there's magic to make user-defined devices
replace default devices.  Example: -serial and -device isa-serial
suppress the default serial device.

For some kinds of devices, there's a device-specific way to suppress
default devices.  Example: -serial none suppresses the default serial
device.  Counter-example: you can't suppress the default floppy
(frontend if the machine supports floppies, backend whether it does or
not) other than with -nodefaults.

The truly "poor" bit in -nodefaults is the name: I keep reading "node
faults" %-)

I'm suggesting to make use of the -machine option to allow usb to be disabled.  

qemu-system-ppc64 -machine type=spapr,usb=off

libvirt can still happily name the usb controller whatever it wants.
But the end result is a less magical command line.

The USB host controller is currently disabled by default on all
machines.  If we enable it by default (which I think is a good idea), we
may want to give users a way to suppress it.

Your proposed -M parameter usb is yet another device-specific way to
suppress default devices.  We got a few, one more won't kill us.  Much
better would be adding a device-independent way to suppress a default

Adding default USB suppression without having -nodefaults cover it is
something new, though: -nodefaults no longer omits optional devices "the
developers think somebody might want to suppress or define himself".
Feels like reneging on what -nodefaults promised to do.  I'd recommend
to think twice about that.

I think we have a different world view.

I see 'qemu -machine foo' as creating some useful variant of 'foo' where 'foo' is a user visible concept like a PC, or a Beagle board, or a pSeries machine.

If I went to Fry's an bought a PC, I'd expect to plug it in and for it to have everything I needed including USB. If I'm cheap, maybe I want to lower the amount of RAM or reuse the VGA card I bought for Christmas to play Halo 15 with.

I see machine options as a way to customize that PC. Maybe I want to not include USB by default because I have some religious opposition to protocols that start with 'U'.

Machine configuration options are the QEMU equivalent of the drop-down box where you select options when buying a laptop from Dell.

'-nodefault' is like buying a PC out of a back of an unmarked van on a street corner. God knows why it doesn't come with a serial port. Maybe that got broken while it was being stolen during a break in. Maybe it's got a VGA card but no disk controller because they sold the VGA card separately to make more money.

What libvirt really wants is to buy the *components* of a PC and build it from scratch. They want to separately buy the mother board, the case, the graphics adapter, etc. libvirt is the 16-year kid with pimples who spends Saturday night reading Newegg to find the new 750W power supply that's water cooled and tricked out with LEDs that I'm sure we all were at some point in our lives.

So I guess this is the long way of saying, let's not provide an interface from the back of an unmarked van. Let's either provide a nice drop-down menu (-machine options) or provide a Newegg catalog that has every component in it.


Anthony Liguori

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