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Re: [RFC PATCH v2 0/5] eBPF RSS support for virtio-net

From: Jason Wang
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v2 0/5] eBPF RSS support for virtio-net
Date: Wed, 2 Dec 2020 21:55:30 +0800
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/68.10.0

On 2020/11/19 下午7:13, Andrew Melnychenko wrote:
This set of patches introduces the usage of eBPF for packet steering
and RSS hash calculation:
* RSS(Receive Side Scaling) is used to distribute network packets to
guest virtqueues by calculating packet hash
* Additionally adding support for the usage of RSS with vhost

The eBPF works on kernels 5.8+
On earlier kerneld it fails to load and the RSS feature is reported
only without vhost and implemented in 'in-qemu' software.

Implementation notes:
Linux TAP TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF ioctl was used to set the eBPF program.
Added libbpf dependency and eBPF support.
The eBPF program is part of the qemu and presented as an array
of BPF ELF file data.
The compilation of eBPF is not part of QEMU build and can be done
using provided Makefile.ebpf(need to adjust 'linuxhdrs').
Added changes to virtio-net and vhost, primary eBPF RSS is used.
'in-qemu' RSS used in the case of hash population and as a fallback option.
For vhost, the hash population feature is not reported to the guest.

Please also see the documentation in PATCH 5/5.

I am sending those patches as RFC to initiate the discussions and get
feedback on the following points:
* Fallback when eBPF is not supported by the kernel
* Live migration to the kernel that doesn't have eBPF support
* Integration with current QEMU build
* Additional usage for eBPF for packet filtering

Known issues:
* hash population not supported by eBPF RSS: 'in-qemu' RSS used
as a fallback, also, hash population feature is not reported to guests
with vhost.
* big-endian BPF support: for now, eBPF isn't supported on
big-endian systems. Can be added in future if required.
* huge .h file with eBPF binary. The size of .h file containing
eBPF binary is currently ~5K lines, because the binary is built with debug 
The binary without debug/BTF info can't be loaded by libbpf.
We're looking for possibilities to reduce the size of the .h files.

Adding Toke for sharing more idea from eBPF side.

We had some discussion on the eBPF issues:

1) Whether or not to use libbpf. Toke strongly suggest to use libbpf
2) Whether or not to use BTF. Toke confirmed that if we don't access any skb metadata, BTF is not strictly required for CO-RE. But it might still useful for e.g debugging. 3) About the huge (5K lines, see patch #2 Toke). Toke confirmed that we can strip debug symbols, but Yuri found some sections can't be stripped, we can keep discussing here.

Toke, feel free to correct me if I was wrong.


Changes since v1:
* using libbpf instead of direct 'bpf' system call.
* added libbpf dependency to the configure/meson scripts.
* changed python script for eBPF .h file generation.
* changed eBPF program - reading L3 proto from ethernet frame.
* added TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF define for TUN.
* changed the maintainer's info.
* added license headers.
* refactored code.

Andrew (5):
   net: Added SetSteeringEBPF method for NetClientState.
   ebpf: Added eBPF RSS program.
   ebpf: Added eBPF RSS loader.
   virtio-net: Added eBPF RSS to virtio-net.
   docs: Added eBPF RSS documentation.

  MAINTAINERS                    |    7 +
  configure                      |   33 +
  docs/ebpf_rss.rst              |  133 +
  ebpf/EbpfElf_to_C.py           |   36 +
  ebpf/Makefile.ebpf             |   33 +
  ebpf/ebpf_rss-stub.c           |   40 +
  ebpf/ebpf_rss.c                |  186 ++
  ebpf/ebpf_rss.h                |   44 +
  ebpf/meson.build               |    1 +
  ebpf/rss.bpf.c                 |  505 +++
  ebpf/tun_rss_steering.h        | 5439 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
  hw/net/vhost_net.c             |    2 +
  hw/net/virtio-net.c            |  120 +-
  include/hw/virtio/virtio-net.h |    4 +
  include/net/net.h              |    2 +
  meson.build                    |   11 +
  net/tap-bsd.c                  |    5 +
  net/tap-linux.c                |   13 +
  net/tap-linux.h                |    1 +
  net/tap-solaris.c              |    5 +
  net/tap-stub.c                 |    5 +
  net/tap.c                      |    9 +
  net/tap_int.h                  |    1 +
  net/vhost-vdpa.c               |    2 +
  24 files changed, 6633 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
  create mode 100644 docs/ebpf_rss.rst
  create mode 100644 ebpf/EbpfElf_to_C.py
  create mode 100755 ebpf/Makefile.ebpf
  create mode 100644 ebpf/ebpf_rss-stub.c
  create mode 100644 ebpf/ebpf_rss.c
  create mode 100644 ebpf/ebpf_rss.h
  create mode 100644 ebpf/meson.build
  create mode 100644 ebpf/rss.bpf.c
  create mode 100644 ebpf/tun_rss_steering.h

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