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bug#33014: 26.1.50; 27.0.50; Fatal error after re-evaluating a thread's

From: Gemini Lasswell
Subject: bug#33014: 26.1.50; 27.0.50; Fatal error after re-evaluating a thread's function
Date: Wed, 10 Oct 2018 22:30:29 -0700

When I run some byte-compiled code which creates some threads, and then,
while a thread is blocked, interactively evaluate the function which
was used to create that thread, Emacs has a fatal error or segmentation
fault when the thread becomes unblocked.

To reproduce:

  Build Emacs from master with this patch, in which I've pasted some
  excerpts from my current project onto the end of lisp/thread.el.  It's
  going to be like ERT but designed to run benchmarks instead of tests,
  but right now all it does is to create a buffer and three threads, set
  the threads up to communicate with each other, log their progress to
  *Messages*, and update the buffer when they finish:

Attachment: 0001-Reproduce-Bswitch-segfault.patch
Description: Text document

  Run Emacs with -Q, and then type:
    M-x erb-summary-run RET

  Wait several seconds for the second to the last line in the buffer to
  change to "Finished".  There will also be an echo area message about
  erb--status being set to done.

  Navigate to lisp/thread.el, select everything from the definition of
  erb--benchmark-monitor to the end of the file, and use:
    M-x eval-region RET

  Return to the buffer created by erb-summary-run, and type 's' again.


lisp.h:2241: Emacs fatal error: assertion failed: HASH_TABLE_P (a)

My suspicion is that the garbage collector is freeing something needed
by the blocked thread.  Setting gc-cons-threshold to 500M before doing
the steps above stops the error from happening.

Here's the backtrace.  While trying to sort out how to reproduce this, I
also saw it segfault in Ffuncall, in styled_format, and in the Bswitch
case of exec_byte_code just past where this error occurs, when it tries
to access h->count.

Thread 7 (Thread 0x7f1cd4dec700 (LWP 21837)):
#0  terminate_due_to_signal (address@hidden,
    address@hidden) at emacs.c:369
#1  0x00000000005a4d99 in die (address@hidden "HASH_TABLE_P (a)",
    address@hidden "lisp.h", address@hidden) at alloc.c:7094
#2  0x00000000006122b5 in XHASH_TABLE (a=...) at lisp.h:2241
#3  exec_byte_code (bytestr=..., vector=..., maxdepth=..., args_template=...,
    address@hidden, args=<optimized out>,
    address@hidden <bss_sbrk_buffer+9926040>) at bytecode.c:1403
#4  0x00000000005cb972 in funcall_lambda (fun=..., address@hidden,
    arg_vector=0x16eac38 <bss_sbrk_buffer+9926040>,
    address@hidden <bss_sbrk_buffer+8500664>) at eval.c:3057
#5  0x00000000005c818b in Ffuncall (address@hidden,
    address@hidden <bss_sbrk_buffer+8500656>) at eval.c:2870
#6  0x000000000064443b in invoke_thread_function () at thread.c:684
#7  0x00000000005c728f in internal_condition_case (
    address@hidden <invoke_thread_function>, handlers=...,
    address@hidden(0xc3c0), address@hidden <record_thread_error>)
    at eval.c:1373
#8  0x0000000000644dd1 in run_thread (state=0x158ec30 <bss_sbrk_buffer+8500624>)
    at thread.c:723
#9  0x00007f1cebf602a7 in start_thread ()
#10 0x00007f1ceb5fd57f in clone ()
   from /nix/store/hwwqshlmazzjzj7yhrkyjydxamvvkfd3-glibc-2.26-131/lib/libc.so.6

Thread 7 (Thread 0x7f1cd4dec700 (LWP 21837)):
"erb--benchmark-monitor-func" (0x158ec58)

In GNU Emacs 27.0.50 (build 1, x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, GTK+ Version 3.22.28)
 of 2018-10-09 built on sockeye
Repository revision: 708444efad7a2ce1e309532898b844527e2d9c64
Windowing system distributor 'The X.Org Foundation', version 11.0.11906000
System Description: NixOS 18.03.git.bd06547 (Impala)

Recent messages:
For information about GNU Emacs and the GNU system, type C-h C-a.

Configured using:
 'configure --prefix=/home/gem/src/emacs/master/bin --with-modules
 --with-x-toolkit=gtk3 --with-xft --config-cache
 --enable-checking=yes,glyphs --enable-check-lisp-object-type'

Configured features:

Important settings:
  value of $EMACSLOADPATH:
  value of $LANG: en_US.UTF-8
  locale-coding-system: utf-8-unix

Major mode: Lisp Interaction

Minor modes in effect:
  tooltip-mode: t
  global-eldoc-mode: t
  eldoc-mode: t
  electric-indent-mode: t
  mouse-wheel-mode: t
  tool-bar-mode: t
  menu-bar-mode: t
  file-name-shadow-mode: t
  global-font-lock-mode: t
  font-lock-mode: t
  blink-cursor-mode: t
  auto-composition-mode: t
  auto-encryption-mode: t
  auto-compression-mode: t
  line-number-mode: t
  transient-mark-mode: t

Load-path shadows:
None found.

(shadow sort mail-extr emacsbug message rmc puny seq byte-opt gv
bytecomp byte-compile cconv dired dired-loaddefs format-spec rfc822 mml
easymenu mml-sec password-cache epa derived epg epg-config gnus-util
rmail rmail-loaddefs time-date mm-decode mm-bodies mm-encode mail-parse
rfc2231 mailabbrev gmm-utils mailheader cl-loaddefs cl-lib sendmail
rfc2047 rfc2045 ietf-drums mm-util mail-prsvr mail-utils elec-pair
mule-util tooltip eldoc electric uniquify ediff-hook vc-hooks
lisp-float-type mwheel term/x-win x-win term/common-win x-dnd tool-bar
dnd fontset image regexp-opt fringe tabulated-list replace newcomment
text-mode elisp-mode lisp-mode prog-mode register page menu-bar
rfn-eshadow isearch timer select scroll-bar mouse jit-lock font-lock
syntax facemenu font-core term/tty-colors frame cl-generic cham georgian
utf-8-lang misc-lang vietnamese tibetan thai tai-viet lao korean
japanese eucjp-ms cp51932 hebrew greek romanian slovak czech european
ethiopic indian cyrillic chinese composite charscript charprop
case-table epa-hook jka-cmpr-hook help simple abbrev obarray minibuffer
cl-preloaded nadvice loaddefs button faces cus-face macroexp files
text-properties overlay sha1 md5 base64 format env code-pages mule
custom widget hashtable-print-readable backquote threads dbusbind
inotify dynamic-setting system-font-setting font-render-setting
move-toolbar gtk x-toolkit x multi-tty make-network-process emacs)

Memory information:
((conses 16 94967 9472)
 (symbols 48 20045 1)
 (strings 32 28456 1769)
 (string-bytes 1 816313)
 (vectors 16 14265)
 (vector-slots 8 504082 12268)
 (floats 8 47 70)
 (intervals 56 213 0)
 (buffers 992 11))

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