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Re: [O] Tangle with conditional statement

From: Fabrice Niessen
Subject: Re: [O] Tangle with conditional statement
Date: Sat, 24 Aug 2013 16:04:28 +0200
User-agent: Gnus/5.130006 (Ma Gnus v0.6) Emacs/24.3.50 (windows-nt)

Hello Andreas,

> First time poster to this mailing list.
> I was hoping i could get some pointers to a question I have not yet found a
> solution or example of.
> I use orgmode and tangled elisp src blocks to initiate emacs. I also use
> el-get to install packages, however sometimes these packages fail for
> various reasons and I would like to skip them so that the hall emacs
> initailisation doesn't brake. However for important packages i have them
> hardcoded in my init files so that the settings I have doesn't complain.
> But as I use org-mode to tangle this I can just flip the :tangle to "no" to
> to not tangle a specific section.
> my question: Is it possible to have a conditional statement for a tangled
> block so that only if a package is installed or a directory exist does the
> block tangle? Meaning that I wouldn't need to hard code all the el-get
> fetches in my init file.
> Is this a good idea? or should I work in conditions in the emacs src blocks
> instead?
> I realize now when I'm typing it out that it might come with some other
> issues like first time running it I would have to reinitialize emacs after
> package installs to get my settings but after that I guess it would be fine.

Instead of trying to put the "look if package is present" constraint on
Babel's side (and have a configuration file which you cannot exchange), I'd do
it on the Emacs (Lisp) side, as I did in my configuration file [1] with a
"try-require" function:

--8<---------------cut here---------------start------------->8---
  (defvar leuven--missing-packages nil
    "List of packages that `try-require' or `locate-library' can't find.")

  ;; require a feature/library if available; if not, fail silently
  (defun try-require (feature)
    "Attempt to load a library or module. Return true if the
  library given as argument is successfully loaded. If not, instead
  of an error, just add the package to a list of missing packages."
    (let (time-start)
      (condition-case err
          ;; protected form
            (when leuven-load-verbose
              (message "(info) Checking for `%s'..." feature))
            (if (stringp feature)
                (load-library feature)
              (setq time-start (float-time))
              (require feature))
        ;; error handler
        (file-error ;; condition
           (when leuven-load-verbose
             (message "(info) Checking for `%s'... missing" feature))
           (add-to-list 'leuven--missing-packages feature 'append))
--8<---------------cut here---------------end--------------->8---

Best regards,

[1] https://github.com/fniessen/emacs-leuven/blob/master/emacs-leuven.el

Fabrice Niessen
Leuven, Belgium

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