[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [O] Tangle with conditional statement

From: Eric Schulte
Subject: Re: [O] Tangle with conditional statement
Date: Sat, 24 Aug 2013 09:49:13 -0600
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/24.3 (gnu/linux)

"Fabrice Niessen" <address@hidden> writes:

> Hello Andreas,
>> First time poster to this mailing list.
>> I was hoping i could get some pointers to a question I have not yet found a
>> solution or example of.
>> I use orgmode and tangled elisp src blocks to initiate emacs. I also use
>> el-get to install packages, however sometimes these packages fail for
>> various reasons and I would like to skip them so that the hall emacs
>> initailisation doesn't brake. However for important packages i have them
>> hardcoded in my init files so that the settings I have doesn't complain.
>> But as I use org-mode to tangle this I can just flip the :tangle to "no" to
>> to not tangle a specific section.
>> my question: Is it possible to have a conditional statement for a tangled
>> block so that only if a package is installed or a directory exist does the
>> block tangle? Meaning that I wouldn't need to hard code all the el-get
>> fetches in my init file.

Yes, this is possible, e.g.,

* Conditional Tangle Example

To setup, run this block to ensure foo exists and bar doesn't.
#+begin_src sh :tangle no :results silent
  date > foo
  rm -f bar

Then tangle the buffer with =C-c C-v t=.

#+begin_src emacs-lisp :tangle (if (file-exists-p "foo") "yes" "no")
  (message "only tangled if %s exists %s" "foo" (file-exists-p "foo"))

#+begin_src emacs-lisp :tangle (if (file-exists-p "bar") "yes" "no")
  (message "only tangled if %s exists %s" "bar" (file-exists-p "bar"))
>> Is this a good idea?

Probably not.  The emacs-lisp embedded in your Org-mode file is only
re-tangled when the Org-mode file changes, so it is better to have the
conditional in the tangled Emacs Lisp file so it is run every time you
start Emacs.

>> or should I work in conditions in the emacs src blocks instead?  I
>> realize now when I'm typing it out that it might come with some other
>> issues like first time running it I would have to reinitialize emacs
>> after package installs to get my settings but after that I guess it
>> would be fine.
> Instead of trying to put the "look if package is present" constraint on
> Babel's side (and have a configuration file which you cannot exchange), I'd do
> it on the Emacs (Lisp) side, as I did in my configuration file [1] with a
> "try-require" function:
> --8<---------------cut here---------------start------------->8---
>   (defvar leuven--missing-packages nil
>     "List of packages that `try-require' or `locate-library' can't find.")
>   ;; require a feature/library if available; if not, fail silently
>   (defun try-require (feature)
>     "Attempt to load a library or module. Return true if the
>   library given as argument is successfully loaded. If not, instead
>   of an error, just add the package to a list of missing packages."
>     (let (time-start)
>       (condition-case err
>           ;; protected form
>           (progn
>             (when leuven-load-verbose
>               (message "(info) Checking for `%s'..." feature))
>             (if (stringp feature)
>                 (load-library feature)
>               (setq time-start (float-time))
>               (require feature))
>             t)
>         ;; error handler
>         (file-error ;; condition
>          (progn
>            (when leuven-load-verbose
>              (message "(info) Checking for `%s'... missing" feature))
>            (add-to-list 'leuven--missing-packages feature 'append))
>          nil))))
> --8<---------------cut here---------------end--------------->8---
> Best regards,
> Fabrice
> [1] https://github.com/fniessen/emacs-leuven/blob/master/emacs-leuven.el

Eric Schulte
PGP: 0x614CA05D

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]