[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: Grub module to return partuuid of a device such as (hd0, gpt1) at bo

From: Andrei Borzenkov
Subject: Re: Grub module to return partuuid of a device such as (hd0, gpt1) at boot time
Date: Sun, 14 Aug 2016 10:13:30 +0300
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/45.2.0

13.08.2016 23:25, Steve Kenton пишет:
> My thought is to add a new command "partuuid" which takes a

We have "probe" command and if implemented it should be integrated there.

> drive&partition string and sets an environment variable to the partition
> uuid (grub "partuuid" by default). Since grub always calls the load
> drive "hd0" 

That's wrong in general.

> this can then be passed directly to the kernel as a command
> line for the rootfs in many cases. Or search could be used to find the
> drive and partuuid could be used to make it palatable to the kernel. For
> example:
> menuentry "Buildroot" {
>     set root=(hd0,gpt1)
>     partuuid $root partuuid
>     linux /boot/bzImage root=PARTUUID=$partuuid rootfstype=ext4
> console=tty1 quiet splash=silent
> }
> Below is my first pass at a solution. It's really pseudo code since I
> have not even tried to compile it yet. I was just getting familiar with
> the grub environment since I've never tinkered with it before. Lot's of
> cut and paste but I think it's pretty close.
> Steve Kenton
> /*
> GUIDs are usually stored as 128-bit BE values, and are commonly
> displayed as 32 hexadecimal digits
> most commonly written in text as a sequence of hexadecimal digits
> separated into five groups, such as:
>     3F2504E0-4F89-41D3-9A0C-0305E82C3301

Usually GUIDs are displayed in lower case

> This text notation contains the following fields, separated by hyphens:
> Hex digits     Description
> 8     Data1
> 4     Data2
> 4     Data3
> 4     Initial two bytes from Data4
> 12     Remaining six bytes from Data4
> For the first three fields, the most significant digit is on the left.
> The last two fields are treated as eight separate bytes, each having
> their most significant digit on the left, and they follow each other
> from left to right. Note that the digit order of the fourth field may be
> unexpected, since it is treated differently from the other fields in the
> structure. This is sometimes known as "registry format".

Not sure what it has to do with registry. For GPT GUID are pretty well
defined by UEFI spec which in turn is based on RFC 4122.

> */
> int main(int argc, char **argv) // example usage: partuuid "hd0,gpt1"
> partuuid
> {
>     char *name, *partnum, *var;
>     int number; // the partition # of interest

Please avoid C++ comments.

>     grub_disk_t disk;
>     grub_err_t err;
>     auto int NESTED_FUNC_ATTR find_partuuid(grub_disk_t disk, const
> grub_partition_t p);
>     int NESTED_FUNC_ATTR find_partuuid(grub_disk_t disk, const
> grub_partition_t p)

We got rid of nested functions years ago.

>     {
>         struct grub_gpt_partentry entry;
>         int ret = true; // keep looking
>         if (grub_disk_read(disk, p->offset, p->index, sizeof(entry),
> &entry))
>             ret = false; // EOF
>         else if (p->number == number) // number and var are in scope
> from the outer function
>         {
>             char partuuid[37]; // 32 hex digits, 4 dashes and a NUL
>             partuuid = grub_xasprintf
> ("%08X-%04X-%04X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X", // need to double

grub internal implementation does not include upper case version.

> check caps and endian-ness issues
>             grub_be_to_cpu32 (*(grub_uint32_t *) &entry.guid[0]),
>             grub_be_to_cpu16 (*(grub_uint16_t *) &entry.guid[4]),
>             grub_be_to_cpu16 (*(grub_uint16_t *) &entry.guid[6]),
>             entry.guid[7], entry.guid[8], // endian-ness does not matter
> for single bytes
>             entry.guid[9], entry.guid[10], entry.guid[10],
> entry.guid[10], entry.guid[10], entry.guid[10], entry.guid[10]);
>             err = grub_set_env(var, partuuid); // need to error check
>             ret = false; // found it, all done
>         }
>         return ret;
>     }
>     // Split disk and partition from the name string and get environment
> variable name - need to error check
>     name = argv[1];
>     partnum = grub_strchr(name, ',') + 1;
>     var = argv[2]; // should default to "partuuid" if not supplied
>     while (*partnum && grub_isalpha(*partnum))
>         partnum++;

You can simply read partition info directly from disk, no need to
iterate at all. grub_disk_open returns all needed information about
partition location.

>     number = grub_strtoul(partnum, (char **) &partnum, 0) - 1; // need
> to look at this function
>     if (disk = grub_disk_open(name)) // ignores partition if present in

You should return error if open fails, not silently ignore it. Not to
mention, that it won't even compile because of warning that is treated
as error.

> name string, NULL on failure
>         err = grub_gpt_partition_map_iterate(disk, find_partuuid);

Linux supports synthetic "GUID" on MSDOS labels too. This should support
it as well (even though I am not sure how useful they are).

>     return 0;
> }
> On 08/13/2016 06:40 PM, Andrei Borzenkov wrote:
>> 13.08.2016 20:30, adrian15 пишет:
>>> What's your use case?
>> Well, this has been requested before and this is supported by Linux
>> kernel. So as long as this does not increase core modules size (i.e. is
>> done outside of partition probing core) I think it will be OK.
>>> adrian15
>>> El 12/08/16 a las 16:11, Steve Kenton escribió:
>>>> As far as I can tell there is no search module that can be used to get
>>>> the partuuid at boot time given a grub root device such as
>>>> (hd0,gtp1). I
>>>> think is would be a useful addition since the resulting partuuid could
>>>> be passed directly to the kernel as root=PARTUUID=xxx and it does not
>>>> seem like it should be hard to do. Am I missing something obvious? And,
>>>> before I jump end the deep end of the pool and try to write it, is
>>>> anyone else working on something similar?
>> There was recent patch series that adds support for user-space
>> grub-probe. Would be good if implementation can be shared. I do not want
>> to add any special code to handle partitions UUID to core as this is
>> very special case of really one partition type only, used infrequently
>> and can be entirely handled by usual device iteration.
>>>> Not subscribed, please cc me on reply.
>> Not sure why, but whatever reply I chose Thunderbird and Gmail only
>> reply to list.

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]